In the previous chapters, we looked at how companies work with ERP in production and trade businesses. All these companies work together to bring finished products to the stores where end consumers can buy them.
During this process, the products move around between the companies. This is done using different kinds of transportation, such as trucks, ships, trains, and airplanes. It may also be necessary to store the products in a warehouse until they are sold or moved to the shops.
More and more companies make a decision to outsource logistics rather than having their own transportation. When this is the case, logistics can be a separate part of the supply chain. This chapter discusses the process and the effects on the ERP system.
One of the specific aspects of logistics companies is that the products they handle are not their property. Although they are a part of the total cost of the consumer product, they don't care about the detailed...