Book Image

Robot Framework Test Automation

By : Sumit Bisht
Book Image

Robot Framework Test Automation

By: Sumit Bisht

Overview of this book

Testing has traditionally been a part of software development, and has always involved a lot of manual effort. It can be automated with Robot Framework, which offers numerous benefits from cost saving to increased quality assurance in the software delivery. This book will help you to start designing test suites and Automated Acceptance Tests. Helping you to get started with automating acceptance tests, this book will provide a detailed overview of acceptance test management practices and principles. You will also be introduced to advanced techniques that you can use to customize the test suite, along with helpful tips and tricks to extend and leverage it in a wide variety of scenarios. Starting with a detailed explanation of the need for automated acceptance test driven development, this guide will help you with an empty test project creation and execution for proof of concept, and validation of installation. This book will also cover the Robot Framework in detail, and will help you test desktop applications using Java Swing. You will gain an in-depth knowledge of tricky activities, such as setting up a test environment and using it with Selenium. You will also learn about other popular libraries, and how to test network protocols, web services, and databases. This book will cover the entire Robot Framework with real- world practical material to make its content informative and interesting. By the end of this book you will be able to write acceptance tests for desktop and web applications, as well as know how to extend acceptance testing in other scenarios that are commonly devoid of tests, and present the results appropriately.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)

Installing and setting up the Robot Framework

The current version of the Robot Framework requires Python 2.7 for setup.

As of now, only pybot script gets created from a Python environment. In case of other environments, only the corresponding execution script gets created. If you happen to have multiple environments, then installation of different scripts is also possible. This differs from the previous versions where on installation, both pybot and jybot scripts were installed.

For custom installation, you will require Python, Jython, or Ironpython pre-installed; and environment PATH variable set correctly as the Robot Framework will use the first Python binary available on PATH or the exact library if supplied with the python command. You can verify this from the command line:

sumit@darkstar066:~$ python --version 
Python 2.7.4 
sumit@darkstar066:~$ jython --version 
Jython 2.5.2 

On the project downloads page, there are various options, listed here under the following self-explanatory headings.

Source installation

To use the source, you can either download the zip containing sources or clone the project using mercurial hg clone:

This will clone the project in the current directory and then you can either straightaway install the project, or make some modifications for customizing the framework.

Now go to the folder where source is checked out/unzipped and perform the following commands based upon the environment present:

python install

The preceding command installs the Python based version with pybot and rebot runner scripts.

jython install

The preceding command installs the Jython based version, with jybot and jyrebot scripts.

ipy install

The preceding command installs the Ironpython based runtime with ipybot and ipyrebot scripts.

If you see this folder, along with standard, there is another file,, that can be used to install (it is the similar as installation from, reinstall, or uninstall the framework that can be used as follows:

python in    [Installation]
python un    [Uninstallation]
python re    [Re-Installation]

To install with Jython or IronPython, replace python with jython or ipy respectively in the command. You may have to use sudo/run console as administrator if you run into any authentication errors, depending upon the user privileges.

Installing from source with python

One-click graphical installer

If you happen to be running Windows XP (32-bit), than you will want to use the one-click installer that installs the Robot Framework as well as Python and optionally, Jython and sets the paths without requiring any intervention. Other graphical installers for windows also exist in 32 and 64 bit versions.

Java environment installation

You can use the standalone jar that contains a bundled Jython as well as the framework. You just need to have Java installed on your system to execute the runnable jar for its installation.

In this method, instead of a command, the jar file is executed:

java -jar robotframework.jar run [options] data_sources

The Python package installation

The pip install mechanism only requires, you to have the Python and package managers such as easy_install or pip installed on your computer. To install this, you just have to type pip install robotframework or easy_install robotframework from the command prompt and the Python based Robot Framework gets installed.

Note that, for Python to run correctly, you'll need elementtree module as the default one is already broken.

The user can install more than one environment simultaneously on a computer and use the specified commands separately without affecting either of the installations.