Book Image

Redis Essentials

Book Image

Redis Essentials

Overview of this book

Redis is the most popular in-memory key-value data store. It's very lightweight and its data types give it an edge over the other competitors. If you need an in-memory database or a high-performance cache system that is simple to use and highly scalable, Redis is what you need. Redis Essentials is a fast-paced guide that teaches the fundamentals on data types, explains how to manage data through commands, and shares experiences from big players in the industry. We start off by explaining the basics of Redis followed by the various data types such as Strings, hashes, lists, and more. Next, Common pitfalls for various scenarios are described, followed by solutions to ensure you do not fall into common traps. After this, major differences between client implementations in PHP, Python, and Ruby are presented. Next, you will learn how to extend Redis with Lua, get to know security techniques such as basic authorization, firewall rules, and SSL encryption, and discover how to use Twemproxy, Redis Sentinel, and Redis Cluster to scale infrastructures horizontally. At the end of this book, you will be able to utilize all the essential features of Redis to optimize your project's performance.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Redis Essentials
About the Authors
About the Reviewers
Clients for Your Favorite Language (Become a Redis Polyglot)


Redis has an official Ruby client, redis-rb, and this is the client used in this section.

Installing it:

$ gem install redis

In this section, the Ruby code has comments that represent the result of the previous expression. It is recommended to run all of the code from this section in the interactive Ruby interpreter (irb in the command line).

The basic commands in Ruby

The interface of redis-rb is very close to how you interact with Redis through redis-cli:

require 'redis'
@redis = => "", :port => 6379)

@redis.set "string:my_key", "Hello World"
@redis.get "string:my_key"
# => "Hello World"
@redis.incr "string:counter"
@redis.mget ["string:my_key", "string:counter"]
# => ["Hello World", "1"]

@redis.rpush "list:my_list", ["item1", "item2"]
@redis.lpop "list:my_list"
# => "item1"

@redis.hset "set:redis_book", "title", "Redis Essentials"
@redis.hgetall "set:redis_book"
# => {"title"=>"Redis Essentials"}

@redis.sadd "set:users", ["alice", "bob...