4.5 (4)

4.5 (4)

#### Overview of this book

In this first-of-its-kind TikZ book, you’ll embark on a journey to discover the fascinating realm of TikZ—what it’s about, the philosophy behind it, and what sets it apart from other graphics libraries. From installation procedures to the intricacies of its syntax, this comprehensive guide will help you use TikZ to create flawless graphics to captivate your audience in theses, articles, or books. You’ll learn all the details starting with drawing nodes, edges, and arrows and arranging them with perfect alignment. As you explore advanced features, you’ll gain proficiency in using colors and transparency for filling and shading, and clipping image parts. You’ll learn to define TikZ styles and work with coordinate calculations and transformations. That’s not all! You’ll work with layers, overlays, absolute positioning, and adding special decorations and take it a step further using add-on packages for drawing diagrams, charts, and plots. By the end of this TikZ book, you’ll have mastered the finer details of image creation, enabling you to achieve visually stunning graphics with great precision.
Chapter 1: Getting Started with TikZ
Free Chapter
Chapter 2: Creating the First TikZ Images
Chapter 3: Drawing and Positioning Nodes
Chapter 4: Drawing Edges and Arrows
Chapter 5: Using Styles and Pics
Chapter 6: Drawing Trees and Graphs
Chapter 7: Filling, Clipping, and Shading
Chapter 8: Decorating Paths
Chapter 9: Using Layers, Overlays, and Transparency
Chapter 10: Calculating with Coordinates and Paths
Chapter 11: Transforming Coordinates and Canvas
Chapter 12: Drawing Smooth Curves
Chapter 13: Plotting in 2D and 3D
Chapter 14: Drawing Diagrams
Chapter 15: Having Fun with TikZ
Index
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# Understanding the path interior

Paths can be more complex than just a circle or convex polygon. Take a quick look at these three examples:

Figure 7.1 – Various paths

In Figure 7.1, we have different questions regarding how to color areas, such as the following:

• In the triangle, do we consider the inner triangle as inside or outside? Can we fill the complete big triangle or just the space between them?
• Can we color the full star shape or just the spikes?
• Can we color small segments of that multiple-circle path?

This section will help us to answer these questions. Regarding the third point, the following section, Clipping a drawing, will provide us with a tool.

For different area selecting and coloring, TikZ implements two different interior rules, used in computer graphics. We will discuss them both now.

## The nonzero rule

Let’s say we have a closed path. Naturally, that path has a direction from start to end...