Book Image

Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible - Third Edition

By : Richard Blum, Christine Bresnahan
Book Image

Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible - Third Edition

By: Richard Blum, Christine Bresnahan

Overview of this book

The Linux command line enables you to type specific shell commands directly into the system to manipulate files and query system resources. Command line statements can be combined into short programs called shell scripts, a practice increasing in popularity due to its usefulness in automation. Linux is a robust system with tremendous potential, and Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible opens the door to new possibilities. Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible is your essential Linux guide. It contains new functional examples that are fully updated to align with the latest Linux features. Beginning with command line fundamentals, the book moves into shell scripting and shows you the practical application of commands in automating frequently performed functions. This book is a complete guide providing detailed instruction and expert advice working within this aspect of Linux. Whether used as a tutorial or as a quick reference, this book contains information that every Linux user should know.
Table of Contents (34 chapters)
Part I: The Linux Command Line
Part II: Shell Scripting Basics
Part III: Advanced Shell Scripting
Part IV: Creating Practical Scripts
End User License Agreement

Manipulating Text

Chapter 10 showed you how to edit text files using different editor programs available in the Linux environment. These editors enable you to easily manipulate text contained in a text file by using simple commands or mouse clicks.

There are times, however, when you'll find yourself wanting to manipulate text in a text file on the fly, without having to pull out a full-fledged interactive text editor. In these situations, it would be useful to have a simple command line editor that could easily format, insert, modify, or delete text elements automatically.

The Linux system provides two common tools for doing just that. This section describes the two most popular command line editors used in the Linux world, sed and gawk.

Getting to know the sed editor

The sed editor is called a stream editor, as opposed to a normal interactive text editor. In an interactive text editor, such as vim, you interactively use keyboard commands to insert, delete, or replace text in the...