Book Image

Mastering NGINX - Second Edition

By : Dimitri Aivaliotis
Book Image

Mastering NGINX - Second Edition

By: Dimitri Aivaliotis

Overview of this book

NGINX is a high-performance HTTP server and mail proxy designed to use very few system resources. But despite its power it is often a challenge to properly configure NGINX to meet your expectations. Mastering Nginx is the solution – an insider’s guide that will clarify the murky waters of NGINX’s configuration. Tune NGINX for various situations, improve your NGINX experience with some of the more obscure configuration directives, and discover how to design and personalize a configuration to match your needs. To begin with, quickly brush up on installing and setting up the NGINX server on the OS and its integration with third-party modules. From here, move on to explain NGINX's mail proxy module and its authentication, and reverse proxy to solve scaling issues. Then see how to integrate NGINX with your applications to perform tasks. The latter part of the book focuses on working through techniques to solve common web issues and the know-hows using NGINX modules. Finally, we will also explore different configurations that will help you troubleshoot NGINX server and assist with performance tuning.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Mastering NGINX - Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Directive Reference
Persisting Solaris Network Tunings

The virtual server section

Any context beginning with the keyword server is considered a virtual server section. It describes a logical separation of a set of resources that will be delivered under a different server_name directive. These virtual servers respond to the HTTP requests, and are contained within the http section.

A virtual server is defined by a combination of the listen and server_name directives. The listen directive defines an IP address/port combination or path to a UNIX-domain socket:

listen address[:port];
listen port;
listen unix:path;

The listen directive uniquely identifies a socket binding under NGINX. There are a number of optional parameters that listen can take:

The listen parameters




This parameter defines this address/port combination as being the default value for the requests bound here.



This parameter sets the corresponding FIB for the listening socket.

This parameter is only supported on FreeBSD and not for...