Book Image

Mastering NGINX - Second Edition

By : Dimitri Aivaliotis
Book Image

Mastering NGINX - Second Edition

By: Dimitri Aivaliotis

Overview of this book

NGINX is a high-performance HTTP server and mail proxy designed to use very few system resources. But despite its power it is often a challenge to properly configure NGINX to meet your expectations. Mastering Nginx is the solution – an insider’s guide that will clarify the murky waters of NGINX’s configuration. Tune NGINX for various situations, improve your NGINX experience with some of the more obscure configuration directives, and discover how to design and personalize a configuration to match your needs. To begin with, quickly brush up on installing and setting up the NGINX server on the OS and its integration with third-party modules. From here, move on to explain NGINX's mail proxy module and its authentication, and reverse proxy to solve scaling issues. Then see how to integrate NGINX with your applications to perform tasks. The latter part of the book focuses on working through techniques to solve common web issues and the know-hows using NGINX modules. Finally, we will also explore different configurations that will help you troubleshoot NGINX server and assist with performance tuning.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Mastering NGINX - Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Directive Reference
Persisting Solaris Network Tunings

Using NGINX with PHP-FPM

Apache has long been considered the only option for serving the PHP websites because the mod_php Apache module makes integrating PHP directly into the web server an easy task. With PHP-FPM being accepted into PHP's core, there is now an alternative bundled with the PHP distribution. PHP-FPM is a way of running PHP under a FastCGI server. The PHP-FPM master process takes care of spawning workers, adapting to site usage, and restarting sub-processes when necessary. It communicates with other services using the FastCGI protocol. You can learn more about PHP-FPM itself at

NGINX has a fastcgi module, which is capable of communicating not only with PHP-FPM, but also with any FastCGI-compliant server. It is enabled by default, so no special consideration needs to be made to start using NGINX with FastCGI servers. The following table lists the FastCGI directives:

FastCGI Directive



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