Book Image

Mastering Puppet

By : Thomas Uphill
Book Image

Mastering Puppet

By: Thomas Uphill

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (17 chapters)

Dealing with exceptions

In a pristine environment, all your nodes with a certain role would be identical in every way, and there would be no exceptions. Unfortunately dealing with exceptions is a large part of the day-to-day business of running Puppet. Using roles and profiles together with hiera, it is possible to remove node level data from your code (roles, profiles, and modules).

Hiera can be used to achieve this separation of code from data. In Chapter 2, Organizing Your Nodes and Data, we configured hiera.yaml with roles/%{::role} in the hierarchy. The defaults for any role would be put in hieradata/roles/[rolename].yaml. The hierarchy determines the order in which files are searched for the hiera data. Our configuration is as follows:

  - "zones/%{::example_zone}"
  - "hosts/%{::hostname}"
  - "roles/%{::role}"
  - "%{::kernel}/%{::osfamily}/%{::lsbmajdistrelease}"
  - "is_virtual/%{::is_virtual}"
  - common

Any single host that requires an exception to the default value...