Book Image

Production Ready OpenStack - Recipes for Successful Environments

By : Arthur Berezin
Book Image

Production Ready OpenStack - Recipes for Successful Environments

By: Arthur Berezin

Overview of this book

OpenStack is the most popular open source cloud platform used by organizations building internal private clouds and by public cloud providers. OpenStack is designed in a fully distributed architecture to provide Infrastructure as a Service, allowing us to maintain a massively scalable cloud infrastructure. OpenStack is developed by a vibrant community of open source developers who come from the largest software companies in the world. The book provides a comprehensive and practical guide to the multiple uses cases and configurations that OpenStack supports. This book simplifies the learning process by guiding you through how to install OpenStack in a single controller configuration. The book goes deeper into deploying OpenStack in a highly available configuration. You'll then configure Keystone Identity Services using LDAP, Active Directory, or the MySQL identity provider and configure a caching layer and SSL. After that, you will configure storage back-end providers for Glance and Cinder, which will include Ceph, NFS, Swift, and local storage. Then you will configure the Neutron networking service with provider network VLANs, and tenant network VXLAN and GRE. Also, you will configure Nova's Hypervisor with KVM, and QEMU emulation, and you will configure Nova's scheduler filters and weights. Finally, you will configure Horizon to use Apache HTTPD and SSL, and you will customize the dashboard's appearance.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Production Ready OpenStack - Recipes for Successful Environments
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Configuring Keystone with the MariaDB backend

Keystone is responsible for user authentication and authorizing access to the OpenStack components if the authenticated user has the appropriate permissions. In this section, we will configure Keystone to use MariaDB database as a local user accounts directory, so Keystone stores user accounts information on the database.

Getting ready

Before you configure Keystone, we need to prepare the database for Keystone to use, configure its user permissions, and open the needed firewall ports so that other nodes would be able to communicate with it. Keystone is usually installed on the controller node as part of OpenStack's control plane.

Create Keystone database

To create a database for Keystone, use the MySQL command to access the MariaDB instance. This will ask you to type the password that you selected for MariaDB root user:

[root@controller ~]# mysql -u root -p

Create a database named keystone:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE keystone;

Create a...