Book Image

Puppet Cookbook - Third Edition

Book Image

Puppet Cookbook - Third Edition

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Puppet Cookbook Third Edition
About the Authors
About the Reviewers

Using inline templates

Templates are a powerful way of using Embedded Ruby (ERB) to help build config files dynamically. You can also use ERB syntax directly without having to use a separate file by calling the inline_template function. ERB allows you to use conditional logic, iterate over arrays, and include variables.

How to do it…

Here's an example of how to use inline_template:

Pass your Ruby code to inline_template within Puppet manifest, as follows:

cron { 'chkrootkit':
  command => '/usr/sbin/chkrootkit >
    /var/log/chkrootkit.log 2>&1',
  hour    => inline_template('<%= @hostname.sum % 24 %>'),
  minute  => '00',

How it works…

Anything inside the string passed to inline_template is executed as if it were an ERB template. That is, anything inside the <%= and %> delimiters will be executed as Ruby code, and the rest will be treated as a string.

In this example, we use inline_template to compute a different hour for this cron resource (a scheduled job) for each machine, so that the same job does not run at the same time on all machines. For more on this technique, see the Distributing cron jobs efficiently recipe in Chapter 6, Managing Resources and Files.

There's more...

In ERB code, whether inside a template file or an inline_template string, you can access your Puppet variables directly by name using an @ prefix, if they are in the current scope or the top scope (facts):

<%= @fqdn %>

To reference variables in another scope, use scope.lookupvar, as follows:

<%= "The value of something from otherclass is " + scope.lookupvar('otherclass::something') %>

You should use inline templates sparingly. If you really need to use some complicated logic in your manifest, consider using a custom function instead (see the Creating custom functions recipe in Chapter 9, External Tools and the Puppet Ecosystem).

See also

  • The Using ERB templates recipe in Chapter 4, Working with Files and Packages

  • The Using array iteration in templates recipe in Chapter 4, Working with Files and Packages