Book Image

Mastering Linux Shell Scripting

By : Andrew Mallett
Book Image

Mastering Linux Shell Scripting

By: Andrew Mallett

Overview of this book

Shell scripting is a quick method to prototype a complex application or a problem by automating tasks when working on Linux-based systems. Using both simple one-line commands and command sequences complex problems can be solved with ease, from text processing to backing up sysadmin tools. In this book, you’ll discover everything you need to know to master shell scripting and make informed choices about the elements you employ. Get to grips with the fundamentals of creating and running a script in normal mode, and in debug mode. Learn about various conditional statements' code snippets, and realize the power of repetition and loops in your shell script. Implement functions and edit files using the Stream Editor, script in Perl, program in Python – as well as complete coverage of other scripting languages to ensure you can choose the best tool for your project.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Mastering Linux Shell Scripting
About the Author
About the Reviewer

Enhancing scripts with read prompts

We have seen how we can use the built in read to populate a variable. So far, we have used echo to produce the prompt but this can be passed to read itself using the -p option. The read command will surpass the additional linefeed, so we reduce both the line count and the complexity to some degree.

We can test this at the command line itself. Try typing the following command to see read in action:

$ read -p "Enter your name: " name

We use the read command with the -p option. The argument that follows the option is the text that appears in the prompt. Normally, we will make sure that there is a trailing space at the end of the text to ensure that we can clearly see what we type. The last argument supplied here is the variable we want to populate, we simply call it name. Variables are case-sensitive too. Even if we did not supply the last argument, we can still store the user's response, but this time in the REPLY variable.


Note that when we return the value...