Book Image

Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron)

By : James Denton
Book Image

Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron)

By: James Denton

Overview of this book

OpenStack Neutron is an OpenStack component that provides networking as a service for other OpenStack services to architect networks and create virtual machines through its API. This API lets you define network connectivity in order to leverage network capabilities to cloud deployments. Through this practical book, you will build a strong foundational knowledge of Neutron, and will architect and build an OpenStack cloud using advanced networking features. We start with an introduction to OpenStack Neutron and its various components, including virtual switching, routing, FWaaS, VPNaaS, and LBaaS. You’ll also get hands-on by installing OpenStack and Neutron and its components, and use agents and plugins to orchestrate network connectivity and build a virtual switching infrastructure. Moving on, you’ll get to grips with the HA routing capabilities utilizing VRRP and distributed virtual routers in Neutron. You’ll also discover load balancing fundamentals, including the difference between nodes, pools, pool members, and virtual IPs. You’ll discover the purpose of security groups and learn how to apply the security concept to your cloud/tenant/instance. Finally, you' ll configure virtual private networks that will allow you to avoid the use of SNAT and floating IPs when connecting to remote networks.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron) Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Basic networking elements in Neutron

Neutron constructs the virtual network using elements that are familiar to all system and network administrators, including networks, subnets, ports, routers, load balancers, and more.

Using version 2.0 of the core Neutron API, users can build a network foundation composed of the following entities:

  • Network: A network is an isolated layer 2 broadcast domain. Typically reserved for the tenants that created them, networks could be shared among tenants if configured accordingly. The network is the core entity of the Neutron API. Subnets and ports must always be associated with a network.

  • Subnet: A subnet is an IPv4 or IPv6 address block from which IP addresses can be assigned to virtual machine instances. Each subnet must have a CIDR and must be associated with a network. Multiple subnets can be associated with a single network and can be noncontiguous. A DHCP allocation range can be set for a subnet that limits the addresses provided to instances.

  • Port: A port...