Book Image

Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron)

By : James Denton
Book Image

Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron)

By: James Denton

Overview of this book

OpenStack Neutron is an OpenStack component that provides networking as a service for other OpenStack services to architect networks and create virtual machines through its API. This API lets you define network connectivity in order to leverage network capabilities to cloud deployments. Through this practical book, you will build a strong foundational knowledge of Neutron, and will architect and build an OpenStack cloud using advanced networking features. We start with an introduction to OpenStack Neutron and its various components, including virtual switching, routing, FWaaS, VPNaaS, and LBaaS. You’ll also get hands-on by installing OpenStack and Neutron and its components, and use agents and plugins to orchestrate network connectivity and build a virtual switching infrastructure. Moving on, you’ll get to grips with the HA routing capabilities utilizing VRRP and distributed virtual routers in Neutron. You’ll also discover load balancing fundamentals, including the difference between nodes, pools, pool members, and virtual IPs. You’ll discover the purpose of security groups and learn how to apply the security concept to your cloud/tenant/instance. Finally, you' ll configure virtual private networks that will allow you to avoid the use of SNAT and floating IPs when connecting to remote networks.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Learning OpenStack Networking (Neutron) Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Routing east-west traffic between instances

In the network world, east-west traffic is traditionally defined as server-to-server traffic. In Neutron, as it relates to distributed virtual routers, east-west traffic is the traffic between instances in different networks owned by the same tenant. In the legacy model, all traffic between different networks traverses a virtual router located on a centralized network node. With DVR, the same traffic bypasses the network node and goes directly between the compute nodes hosting the virtual machine instances.

Reviewing the topology

Logically speaking, a distributed virtual router is a single router object connecting two or more tenant networks, as shown in the following diagram:

Figure 9.3

In the following example, a distributed virtual router named MyRouter-DVR is created and connected to two tenant networks: TENANT_BLUE and TENANT_RED. Virtual machine instances in each network use their respective default gateways to route traffic to the other network...