Once hosts and services are configured in Nagios Core, its behavior is primarily dictated by the checks it makes to ensure that hosts and services are operating as expected and, in turn, as a result of these checks, it concludes the state in which these hosts and services must be.
How often it's appropriate to check hosts and services and on what basis it's appropriate to flag a host or service as problematic depends very much on the nature of the service and the importance of it running all the time. If a host on the other side of the world is being checked with PING and, during busy periods, its round trip time is over 100 ms, this may not actually be a cause of concern at all and perhaps is not something to even flag a
WARNING state over, let alone a
However, if the same host was on the local network where it would be appropriate to expect a round trip time of less than 10 ms, a round trip time of more than 100 ms could well be considered a grave cause for concern...