Book Image

Network Programming with Rust

By : Abhishek Chanda
Book Image

Network Programming with Rust

By: Abhishek Chanda

Overview of this book

Rust is low-level enough to provide fine-grained control over memory while providing safety through compile-time validation. This makes it uniquely suitable for writing low-level networking applications. This book is divided into three main parts that will take you on an exciting journey of building a fully functional web server. The book starts with a solid introduction to Rust and essential networking concepts. This will lay a foundation for, and set the tone of, the entire book. In the second part, we will take an in-depth look at using Rust for networking software. From client-server networking using sockets to IPv4/v6, DNS, TCP, UDP, you will also learn about serializing and deserializing data using serde. The book shows how to communicate with REST servers over HTTP. The final part of the book discusses asynchronous network programming using the Tokio stack. Given the importance of security for modern systems, you will see how Rust supports common primitives such as TLS and public-key cryptography. After reading this book, you will be more than confident enough to use Rust to build effective networking software
Table of Contents (11 chapters)

Introduction to Client/Server Networking

This book is an introduction to writing networking applications in Rust. This title begs two questions: why should anyone care about networking? And why would anyone want to write networking applications in Rust? We attempt to answer the first question in this chapter. We will introduce Rust and network programming using Rust in subsequent chapters. Firstly, in this chapter, we will start with a bit of history and try to understand how network architecture evolved over the last hundred years. In subsequent sections, we will see how modern networks are layered and addressed. Afterwards, we will describe common service models used in networking. We will end with a summary of networking-related programming interfaces that Linux exposes. Note that this book deliberately ignores network programming in other operating systems and focuses only on Linux for the sake of simplicity. While the Rust compiler is platform-agnostic, there can be cases where some things are different in other platforms compared to Linux. We will point out those differences as we progress.

In this chapter, we will cover the following topics:

  • History of networking: why and how networks came into use and how the internet evolved
  • Layering in networks: how layering and encapsulation works
  • Addressing: how networks and individual hosts are uniquely identified on the internet
  • How IP routing works
  • How DNS works
  • Service models for data delivery
  • The network programming interface in Linux