Book Image

pfSense 2.x Cookbook - Second Edition

By : David Zientara
Book Image

pfSense 2.x Cookbook - Second Edition

By: David Zientara

Overview of this book

pfSense is an open source distribution of the FreeBSD-based firewall that provides a platform for ?exible and powerful routing and firewalling. The versatility of pfSense presents us with a wide array of configuration options, which makes determining requirements a little more difficult and a lot more important compared to other offerings. pfSense 2.x Cookbook – Second Edition starts by providing you with an understanding of how to complete the basic steps needed to render a pfSense firewall operational. It starts by showing you how to set up different forms of NAT entries and firewall rules and use aliases and scheduling in firewall rules. Moving on, you will learn how to implement a captive portal set up in different ways (no authentication, user manager authentication, and RADIUS authentication), as well as NTP and SNMP configuration. You will then learn how to set up a VPN tunnel with pfSense. The book then focuses on setting up traffic shaping with pfSense, using either the built-in traffic shaping wizard, custom ?oating rules, or Snort. Toward the end, you will set up multiple WAN interfaces, load balancing and failover groups, and a CARP failover group. You will also learn how to bridge interfaces, add static routing entries, and use dynamic routing protocols via third-party packages.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
About Packt

Assigning interfaces from the console

This recipe describes how to assign interfaces using the console menu.

Getting ready

In order to complete this recipe, you will need at least one unassigned interface.

How to do it...

  1. On the console menu, press1and pressEnter.
  2. The first option will be for setting up VLANs. Since we don’t want to set up VLANs now, pressnandEnter:
  1. You will be prompted to enter the WAN interface name. Here, you must enter the device name for the interface that will be the WAN interface (for example, eth0, eth1, em0, em1, and so on). Enter the appropriate device name and pressEnter.
  2. You will be prompted to enter the LAN interface name, or nothing if finished. You only need to assign the WAN interface (in which case you will be able to log into pfSense using the WAN IP address). However, if you want to assign an interface to LAN, enter the device name and pressEnter. Otherwise, just pressEnter.
  3. If there are more than two network interfaces, you can assign optional interfaces at the console. To do so, enter the device name and press Enter. Otherwise, just pressEnter.
  4. The interface assignments will be listed, and you will be asked whether you want to proceed. PressingnandEnterwill result in no changes being made, while pressingyandEnterwill commit the changes.
  5. If you pressedyandEnter, the changes will be written and the settings will be reloaded. You will then be returned to the console menu.

How it works...

In this recipe, we were able to assign interfaces (which was done earlier in the chapter via the web GUI) from the console. Many configurations can be done from the console—we can even restore earlier configurations and run utilities—and in this book, we will take advantage of this functionality.

See also

  • TheConfiguring a WAN interface from the consolerecipe
  • TheConfiguring a LAN interface from the consolerecipe
  • TheConfiguring optional interfaces from the consolerecipe
  • TheConfiguring VLANs from the consolerecipe