Book Image

Practical Ansible 2

By : Daniel Oh, James Freeman, Fabio Alessandro Locati
Book Image

Practical Ansible 2

By: Daniel Oh, James Freeman, Fabio Alessandro Locati

Overview of this book

Ansible enables you to automate software provisioning, configuration management, and application roll-outs, and can be used as a deployment and orchestration tool. While Ansible provides simple yet powerful features to automate multi-layer environments using agentless communication, it can also solve other critical IT challenges, such as ensuring continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) with zero downtime. In this book, you'll work with Ansible 2.9 and learn to solve complex issues quickly with the help of task-oriented scenarios. You'll start by installing and configuring Ansible on Linux and macOS to automate monotonous and repetitive IT tasks and get to grips with concepts such as playbooks, inventories, and network modules. As you progress, you'll gain insight into the YAML syntax and learn how to port between Ansible versions. In addition to this, you'll also understand how Ansible enables you to orchestrate multi-layer environments such as networks, containers, and the cloud. By the end of this Ansible book, you'll be well - versed in writing playbooks and other related Ansible code to overcome just about all of your IT challenges, from infrastructure-as-code provisioning to application deployments, and even handling the mundane day-to-day maintenance tasks that take up so much valuable time.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Section 1: Learning the Fundamentals of Ansible
Section 2: Expanding the Capabilities of Ansible
Section 3: Using Ansible in an Enterprise

Checking for bad syntax

Defining whether a file has the right syntax or not is fairly easy for a machine, but might be more complex for humans. This does not mean that machines are able to fix the code for you, but they can quickly identify whether a problem is present or not. To use Ansible's built-in syntax checker, we need a playbook with a syntax error. Let's get started:

  1. Let's create a syntaxcheck.yaml file with the following content:
- hosts: all
- debug:
msg: "Hello, World!"
  1. Now, we can use the --syntax-check command:
$ ansible-playbook syntaxcheck.yaml --syntax-check

By doing this, we will receive the following output:

ERROR! 'msg' is not a valid attribute for a Task

The error appears to be in '/home/fale/ansible/Ansible2Cookbook/Ch11/syntaxcheck.yaml': line 4, column 7, but may
be elsewhere in the file...