Book Image

The DevOps 2.4 Toolkit

By : Viktor Farcic
Book Image

The DevOps 2.4 Toolkit

By: Viktor Farcic

Overview of this book

Building on The DevOps 2.3 Toolkit: Kubernetes, Viktor Farcic brings his latest exploration of the Docker technology as he records his journey to continuously deploying applications with Jenkins into a Kubernetes cluster. The DevOps 2.4 Toolkit: Continuously Deploying Applications with Jenkins to a Kubernetes Cluster is the latest book in Viktor Farcic’s series that helps you build a full DevOps Toolkit. This book guides readers through the process of building, testing, and deploying applications through fully automated pipelines. Within this book, Viktor will cover a wide-range of emerging topics, including an exploration of continuous delivery and deployment in Kubernetes using Jenkins. It also shows readers how to perform continuous integration inside these clusters, and discusses the distribution of Kubernetes applications, as well as installing and setting up Jenkins. Work with Viktor and dive into the creation of self-adaptive and self-healing systems within Docker.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)
Now It Is Your Turn

Deploying Stateful Applications at Scale

Stateless and stateful application are quite different in their architecture. Those differences need to be reflected in Kubernetes as well. The fact that we can use Deployments with PersistentVolumes does not necessarily mean that is the best way to run stateful applications.

Most of the applications are deployed to Kubernetes using Deployments. It is, without a doubt, the most commonly used controller. Deployments provide (almost) everything we might need. We can specify the number of replicas when our applications need to be scaled. We can mount volumes through PersistentVolumeClaims. We can communicate with the Pods controlled by Deployments through Services. We can execute rolling updates that will deploy new releases without downtime. There are quite a few other features enabled by Deployments. Does that mean that Deployments are the preferable way to run all types of applications? Is there a feature we might need that is not already available through Deployments and other resources we can associate with them?

When running stateful applications in Kubernetes, we soon realize that Deployments do not offer everything we need. It's not that we require additional features, but that some of those available in Deployments do not behave just as we might want them to. In many cases, Deployments are an excellent fit for stateless applications. However, we might need to look for a different controller that will allow us to run stateful applications safely and efficiently. That controller is StatefulSet.

If we are to implement continuous delivery or deployment processes across the whole organization, we cannot ignore the fact that not all the applications are stateless. Having a state is unavoidable, and we need to be sure that we know how to handle stateful applications.

Let's experience some of the problems behind stateful applications, and the benefits StatefulSets bring to the table. To do that, we need a cluster.

This chapter assumes that you are already familiar with Namespaces, Ingress, Services, and Deployments. If you're not, please refer to The DevOps 2.3 Toolkit: Kubernetes ( for more info.

We'll skip the theory (for now), and dive straight into examples. To do that, we need a cluster.