Book Image

Mastering KVM Virtualization - Second Edition

By : Vedran Dakic, Humble Devassy Chirammal, Prasad Mukhedkar, Anil Vettathu
Book Image

Mastering KVM Virtualization - Second Edition

By: Vedran Dakic, Humble Devassy Chirammal, Prasad Mukhedkar, Anil Vettathu

Overview of this book

Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) enables you to virtualize your data center by transforming your Linux operating system into a powerful hypervisor that allows you to manage multiple operating systems with minimal fuss. With this book, you'll gain insights into configuring, troubleshooting, and fixing bugs in KVM virtualization and related software. This second edition of Mastering KVM Virtualization is updated to cover the latest developments in the core KVM components - libvirt and QEMU. Starting with the basics of Linux virtualization, you'll explore VM lifecycle management and migration techniques. You’ll then learn how to use SPICE and VNC protocols while creating VMs and discover best practices for using snapshots. As you progress, you'll integrate third-party tools with Ansible for automation and orchestration. You’ll also learn to scale out and monitor your environments, and will cover oVirt, OpenStack, Eucalyptus, AWS, and ELK stack. Throughout the book, you’ll find out more about tools such as Cloud-Init and Cloudbase-Init. Finally, you'll be taken through the performance tuning and troubleshooting guidelines for KVM-based virtual machines and a hypervisor. By the end of this book, you'll be well-versed with KVM virtualization and the tools and technologies needed to build and manage diverse virtualization environments.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
1
Section 1: KVM Virtualization Basics
4
Section 2: libvirt and ovirt for Virtual Machine Management
11
Section 3: Automation, Customization, and Orchestration for KVM VMs
15
Section 4: Scalability, Monitoring, Performance Tuning, and Troubleshooting

Gluster and Ceph as a storage backend for KVM

There are other advanced types of filesystems that can be used as the libvirt storage backend. So, let's now discuss two of them—Gluster and Ceph. Later, we'll also check how libvirt works with GFS2.

Gluster

Gluster is a distributed filesystem that's often used for high-availability scenarios. Its main advantages over other filesystems are the fact that it's scalable, it can use replication and snapshots, it can work on any server, and it's usable as a basis for shared storage—for example, via NFS and SMB. It was developed by a company called Gluster Inc., which was acquired by RedHat in 2011. However, unlike Ceph, it's a file storage service, while Ceph offers block and object-based storage. Object-based storage for block-based devices means direct, binary storage, directly to a LUN. There are no filesystems involved, which theoretically means less overhead as there's no filesystem...