Book Image

Oracle VM Manager 2.1.2

By : Tarry Singh
Book Image

Oracle VM Manager 2.1.2

By: Tarry Singh

Overview of this book

Virtualization is taking the technology world by storm and dramatically helping organizations save money. Oracle VM is free and forked from the open source Xen hypervisor, which brings down your upfront costs for an agile data center. The robust capabilities and easy-to-use web interface of Oracle VM Manager helps administrators manage their Internal Data Center from anywhere in the world, helping us come closer to ubiquitous computing. This practical book will give you hands-on experience on how to manage your Virtual Machines using Oracle VM Manager. Equipped with step-by-step installation and management information you will not only learn to manage your Virtual Data Center but also will include this guide among the books you consider most essential. This book will take you into the various methods of importing Virtual Machines. You will learn to import VMs through HTTP/FTP, Repository servers, and even import other VM formats such as VMware VMs. You will also learn about the Xen utilities such as xm, xentop, and virsh. You will learn to manage your VMs through the simple and intuitive web interface of Oracle VM Manager. No matter how compact it may seem, this book covers all the essentials while keeping your learning experience to the point. The book has been deliberately written in a conversational manner so that you feel at home while learning Oracle VM Manager.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Oracle VM Manager 2.1.2
About the Author
About the Reviewer

What forms of virtualization do we have?

There are several forms of virtualization and let's briefly go through a few of them (for the sake of brevity we will stick to server virtualization):

  • Emulation: A trick to copy a resource and make it look like some other resource can be called emulation.

  • Partitioning: Segmenting a resource so it looks like many resources.

  • Clustering: Aggregating many resources so they look like one. Think of the Oracle RAC VIP, where all you need is one IP which is a Virtual IP.

However exciting it sounds, we won't go too deep into the partitioning and clustering part and instead we'll have a look at the forms of emulation. They are—full virtualization, para-virtualization, and hardware-assist virtualization.

Full virtualization uses a concept of Binary Translation (BT) to provide a typical runtime re-write method which is required for this method to work. Here each instruction is read from the machine's binary and helps place the machine in a similar state to where the VM would be, after it has carried out that specific function. However, there are discussions about the "accuracy of emulation" as to how accurate the instruction modifications are. There are five types of accuracies, from datapath accuracy to HLE. But we won't delve into these deeper as we might have to get scientists from Intel and AMD to do the explanation.

Para-virtualization took birth from the Xen project originated at Cambridge University. It is the Open Source answer to the ring privileging solution. Simply said, instead of capturing the whole IA32 instruction set, it just captures the parts that are altered, thus increasing the performance of the VMs against the full-virtualization methods.

Finally, hardware-assist virtualization rests on the newer families of chips such as Intel VTx and AMD V chipsets. This enables unmodified VMs to execute on more enhanced VMMs (Virtual Machine Monitors). They might be faster than the above mentioned two methods but a lot of mixing occurs where both full and para-virtualization solutions are taking full advantage of the VTx and AMD V technologies.