Book Image

DNS in Action

By : CP Books a.s.
Book Image

DNS in Action

By: CP Books a.s.

Overview of this book

The Domain Name System is one of the foundations of the internet. It is the system that allows the translation of human-readable domain names into machines-readable IP addresses and the reverse translation of IP addresses into domain names. This book describes the basic DNS protocol and its extensions; DNS delegation and registration, including for reverse domains; using DNS servers in networks that are not connected to the internet; and using DNS servers on firewall machines. Many detailed examples are used throughout the book to show perform various configuration and administration tasks.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
DNS in Action
Credits
About the Authors
Preface
Country Codes and RIRs
Index

Appendix A. Country Codes and RIRs

The information included in this appendix comes from http://www.ripe.net/. TLDs for individual countries are assigned in accordance with ISO 3166 (http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/02iso-3166-code-lists/index.html). However, if you look at the following table of assigned ccTLDs and compare it with ISO 3166, you will find that a significantly greater number of ccTLDs are delegated. For example, the United Kingdom has a number of domains assigned for its territories (GB, GI, JE, FK, and so on).

Country

Country code

RIR

AFGHANISTAN

AF

APNIC

ÅLAND ISLANDS

AX

RIPE NCC

ALBANIA

AL

RIPE NCC

ALGERIA

DZ

AfriNIC

AMERICAN SAMOA

AS

APNIC

ANDORRA

AD

RIPE NCC

ANGOLA

AO

AfriNIC

ANGUILLA

AI

ARIN

ANTARCTICA

AQ

ARIN

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

AG

ARIN

ARGENTINA

AR

LACNIC

ARMENIA

AM

RIPE NCC

ARUBA

AW

LACNIC

AUSTRALIA

AU

APNIC

AUSTRIA

AT

RIPE NCC

AZERBAIJAN

AZ

RIPE NCC

BAHAMAS

BS

ARIN

BAHRAIN

BH

RIPE NCC

BANGLADESH

BD

APNIC

BARBADOS

BB

ARIN

BELARUS

BY

RIPE NCC

BELGIUM

BE

RIPE NCC

BELIZE

BZ

LACNIC

BENIN

BJ

AfriNIC

BERMUDA

BM

ARIN

BHUTAN

BT

APNIC

BOLIVIA

BO

LACNIC

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

BA

RIPE NCC

BOTSWANA

BW

AfriNIC

BOUVET ISLAND

BV

ARIN

BRAZIL

BR

LACNIC

BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY

IO

APNIC

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

BN

APNIC

BULGARIA

BG

RIPE NCC

BURKINA FASO

BF

AfriNIC

BURUNDI

BI

AfriNIC

CAMBODIA

KH

APNIC

CAMEROON

CM

AfriNIC

CANADA

CA

ARIN

CAPE VERDE

CV

AfriNIC

CAYMAN ISLANDS

KY

ARIN

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

CF

AfriNIC

CHAD

TD

AfriNIC

CHILE

CL

LACNIC

CHINA

CN

APNIC

CHRISTMAS ISLAND

CX

APNIC

COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS

CC

APNIC

COLOMBIA

CO

LACNIC

COMOROS

KM

AfriNIC

CONGO

CG

AfriNIC

CONGO, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE

CD

AfriNIC

COOK ISLANDS

CK

APNIC

COSTA RICA

CR

LACNIC

CÔTE D’IVOIRE

CI

AfriNIC

CROATIA (local name: Hrvatska)

HR

RIPE NCC

CUBA

CU

LACNIC

CYPRUS

CY

RIPE NCC

CZECH REPUBLIC

CZ

RIPE NCC

DENMARK

DK

RIPE NCC

DJIBOUTI

DJ

AfriNIC

DOMINICA

DM

ARIN

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

DO

LACNIC

EAST TIMOR (TIMOR-LESTE)

TL

APNIC

ECUADOR

EC

LACNIC

EGYPT

EG

AfriNIC

EL SALVADOR

SV

LACNIC

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

GQ

AfriNIC

ERITREA

ER

AfriNIC

ESTONIA

EE

RIPE NCC

ETHIOPIA

ET

AfriNIC

FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS)

FK

LACNIC

FAROE ISLANDS

FO

RIPE NCC

FIJI

FJ

APNIC

FINLAND

FI

RIPE NCC

FRANCE

FR

RIPE NCC

FRENCH GUIANA

GF

LACNIC

FRENCH POLYNESIA

PF

APNIC

FRENCH SOUTHERN TERRITORIES

TF

APNIC

GABON

GA

AfriNIC

GAMBIA

GM

AfriNIC

GEORGIA

GE

RIPE NCC

GERMANY

DE

RIPE NCC

GHANA

GH

AfriNIC

GIBRALTAR

GI

RIPE NCC

GREECE

GR

RIPE NCC

GREENLAND

GL

RIPE NCC

GRENADA

GD

ARIN

GUADELOUPE

GP

ARIN

GUAM

GU

APNIC

GUATEMALA

GT

LACNIC

GUINEA

GN

AfriNIC

GUINEA-BISSAU

GW

AfriNIC

GUYANA

GY

LACNIC

HAITI

HT

LACNIC

HEARD AND MCDONALD ISLANDS

HM

ARIN

HOLY SEE (VATICAN CITY STATE)

VA

RIPE NCC

HONDURAS

HN

LACNIC

HONG KONG

HK

APNIC

HUNGARY

HU

RIPE NCC

ICELAND

IS

RIPE NCC

INDIA

IN

APNIC

INDONESIA

ID

APNIC

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

IR

RIPE NCC

IRAQ

IQ

RIPE NCC

IRELAND

IE

RIPE NCC

ISRAEL

IL

RIPE NCC

ITALY

IT

RIPE NCC

JAMAICA

JM

ARIN

JAPAN

JP

APNIC

JORDAN

JO

RIPE NCC

KAZAKHSTAN

KZ

RIPE NCC

KENYA

KE

AfriNIC

KIRIBATI

KI

APNIC

KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF

KP

APNIC

KOREA, REPUBLIC OF

KR

APNIC

KUWAIT

KW

RIPE NCC

KYRGYZSTAN

KG

RIPE NCC

LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

LA

APNIC

LATVIA

LV

RIPE NCC

LEBANON

LB

RIPE NCC

LESOTHO

LS

AfriNIC

LIBERIA

LR

AfriNIC

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

LY

AfriNIC

LIECHTENSTEIN

LI

RIPE NCC

LITHUANIA

LT

RIPE NCC

LUXEMBOURG

LU

RIPE NCC

MACAO

MO

APNIC

MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF

MK

RIPE NCC

MADAGASCAR

MG

AfriNIC

MALAWI

MW

ARIN

MALAYSIA

MY

APNIC

MALDIVES

MV

APNIC

MALI

ML

AfriNIC

MALTA

MT

RIPE NCC

MARSHALL ISLANDS

MH

APNIC

MARTINIQUE

MQ

ARIN

MAURITANIA

MR

AfriNIC

MAURITIUS

MU

AfriNIC

MAYOTTE

YT

APNIC

MEXICO

MX

LACNIC

MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF

FM

APNIC

MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF

MD

RIPE NCC

MONACO

MC

RIPE NCC

MONGOLIA

MN

APNIC

MONTSERRAT

MS

RIPE NCC

MOROCCO

MA

AfriNIC

MOZAMBIQUE

MZ

AfriNIC

MYANMAR

MM

APNIC

NAMIBIA

NA

AfriNIC

NAURU

NR

APNIC

NEPAL

NP

APNIC

NETHERLANDS

NL

RIPE NCC

NETHERLANDS ANTILLES

AN

LACNIC

NEW CALEDONIA

NC

APNIC

NEW ZEALAND

NZ

APNIC

NICARAGUA

NI

LACNIC

NIGER

NE

AfriNIC

NIGERIA

NG

AfriNIC

NIUE

NU

APNIC

NORFOLK ISLAND

NF

APNIC

NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS

MP

APNIC

NORWAY

NO

RIPE NCC

OMAN

OM

RIPE NCC

PAKISTAN

PK

APNIC

PALAU

PW

APNIC

PALESTINIAN TERRITORY, OCCUPIED

PS

RIPE NCC

PANAMA

PA

LACNIC

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

PG

APNIC

PARAGUAY

PY

LACNIC

PERU

PE

LACNIC

PHILIPPINES

PH

APNIC

PITCAIRN

PN

APNIC

POLAND

PL

RIPE NCC

PORTUGAL

PT

RIPE NCC

PUERTO RICO

PR

ARIN

QATAR

QA

RIPE NCC

RÉUNION

RE

APNIC

ROMANIA

RO

RIPE NCC

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

RU

RIPE NCC

RWANDA

RW

AfriNIC

SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS

KN

ARIN

SAINT LUCIA

LC

ARIN

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

VC

ARIN

SAMOA

WS

APNIC

SAN MARINO

SM

RIPE NCC

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

ST

AfriNIC

SAUDI ARABIA

SA

RIPE NCC

SENEGAL

SN

AfriNIC

SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO

CS

RIPE NCC

SEYCHELLES

SC

AfriNIC

SIERRA LEONE

SL

AfriNIC

SINGAPORE

SG

APNIC

SLOVAKIA

SK

RIPE NCC

SLOVENIA

SI

RIPE NCC

SOLOMON ISLANDS

SB

APNIC

SOMALIA

SO

AfriNIC

SOUTH AFRICA

ZA

AfriNIC

SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS

GS

LACNIC

SPAIN

ES

RIPE NCC

SRI LANKA

LK

APNIC

ST. HELENA

SH

ARIN

ST. PIERRE AND MIQUELON

PM

ARIN

SUDAN

SD

AfriNIC

SURINAME

SR

LACNIC

SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN ISLANDS

SJ

RIPE NCC

SWAZILAND

SZ

AfriNIC

SWEDEN

SE

RIPE NCC

SWITZERLAND

CH

RIPE NCC

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

SY

RIPE NCC

TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA

TW

APNIC

TAJIKISTAN

TJ

RIPE NCC

TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF

TZ

AfriNIC

THAILAND

TH

APNIC

TIMOR-LESTE

TL

APNIC

TOGO

TG

AfriNIC

TOKELAU

TK

APNIC

TONGA

TO

APNIC

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

TT

LACNIC

TUNISIA

TN

AfriNIC

TURKEY

TR

RIPE NCC

TURKMENISTAN

TM

RIPE NCC

TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

TC

ARIN

TUVALU

TV

APNIC

UGANDA

UG

AfriNIC

UKRAINE

UA

RIPE NCC

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

AE

RIPE NCC

UNITED KINGDOM

GB

RIPE NCC

UNITED STATES

US

ARIN

UNITED STATES MINOR OUTLYING ISLANDS

UM

ARIN

URUGUAY

UY

LACNIC

UZBEKISTAN

UZ

RIPE NCC

VANUATU

VU

APNIC

VENEZUELA

VE

LACNIC

VIET NAM

VN

APNIC

VIRGIN ISLANDS (BRITISH)

VG

ARIN

VIRGIN ISLANDS (U.S.)

VI

ARIN

WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS

WF

APNIC

WESTERN SAHARA

EH

AfriNIC

YEMEN

YE

RIPE NCC

ZAMBIA

ZM

AfriNIC

ZIMBABWE

ZW

AfriNIC

European TLD managers have created a common body called Council of European National Top-Level Domain Registries (CENTR). For more detailed information, see http://www.centr.org/.