Mathematica provides us with a wide variety of statistical plotting functions. Let's take a look at a few of them:

Distribution shapes

Histogram

SmoothHistogram

Histogram3D

PairedHistogram

DensityHistogram and so on

Charting

PieChart

BubbleChart

BarChart

SectorChart

PairedBarChart

3D versions of some of these charts

Miscellaneous

Gauges, such as AngularGauge, HorizontalGauge, VerticalGauge, BulletGauge, ClockGauge, and so on

Financial charts, such as CandlestickChart, TradingChart, FinancialIndicator, KagiChart, RenkoChart, and so on

To visualize the distribution shapes of empirical data, Mathematica provides different kinds of histogram-plotting functions. SmoothHistogram provides a smooth estimation of the shape, whereas Histogram, Histogram3D, and PairedHistogram give a discrete shape (which is often better to understand empirical data). DensityHistogram is a plot for visualizing spatial data density.

The most common charting functions are listed next. We have already used SectorChart...