Book Image

Python for Finance

By : Yuxing Yan
Book Image

Python for Finance

By: Yuxing Yan

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Python for Finance
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Importing the math module

When learning finance with real-world data, we deal with many issues such as downloading data from Yahoo! finance, choosing an optimal portfolio, estimating volatility for individual stocks or for a portfolio, and constructing an efficient frontier. For each subject (topic), experts develop a specific module (package). To use them, we have to import them. For example, we can use import math to import all basic math functions. In the following codes, we calculate the square root of a value:

>>>import math

To find out all functions contained in the math module, we call the dir() function again as follows:

>>>import math
['__doc__', '__loader__', '__name__', '__package__', 'acos', 'acosh', 'asin', 'asinh', 'atan', 'atan2', 'atanh', 'ceil', 'copysign', 'cos', 'cosh', 'degrees', 'e', 'erf', 'erfc', 'exp', 'expm1', 'fabs', 'factorial', 'floor', 'fmod', 'frexp', 'fsum', 'gamma', 'hypot'...