Book Image

Mastering PostgreSQL 9.6

By : Hans-Jürgen Schönig
Book Image

Mastering PostgreSQL 9.6

By: Hans-Jürgen Schönig

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is an open source database used for handling large datasets (Big Data) and as a JSON document database. It also has applications in the software and web domains. This book will enable you to build better PostgreSQL applications and administer databases more efficiently. We begin by explaining the advanced database design concepts in PostgreSQL 9.6, along with indexing and query optimization. You will also see how to work with event triggers and perform concurrent transactions and table partitioning, along with exploring SQL and server tuning. We will walk you through implementing advanced administrative tasks such as server maintenance and monitoring, replication, recovery and high availability, and much more. You will understand the common and not-so-common troubleshooting problems and how you can overcome them. By the end of this book, you will have an expert-level command of the advanced database functionalities and will be able to implement advanced administrative tasks with PostgreSQL.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)
Free Chapter
PostgreSQL Overview

Understanding full-text search - FTS

If you are looking up names or for simple strings, you are usually querying the entire content of a field. In FTS, this is different. The purpose of full-text search is to look for words or groups of words, which can be found inside a text. Therefore, FTS is more of a contains operation as you are basically never looking for an exact string.

In PostgreSQL, FTS can be done using GIN indexes. The idea is to dissect a text, extract valuable lexemes, and index those elements rather than the underlying text. To make your search even more successful, those words are preprocessed.

Here is an example:

test=# SELECT to_tsvector('english', 'A car, I want a car. I would not even mind having many cars'); 
'car':2,6,14 'even&apos...