Hive data is organized as databases. A database is a logical collection of Hive tables. A database within Hive assigns a namespace for its tables. If no namespace is assigned to Hive tables, it belongs to the
default namespace. The creation of a database results in the creation of an HDFS directory for the files in the database. This directory serves as the namespace for the tables. The
CREATE DATABASE MasteringHadoop command creates a MasteringHadoop database. When we list the HDFS directory structure, we see a directory created for this database, as shown:
drwxr-xr-x - sandeepkaranth supergroup 0 2014-05-15 08:55 /user/hive/warehouse/masteringhadoop.db
A table is the basic unit of data storage similar to traditional RDBMS. It logically groups records of the same type. Records are rows corresponding to typed columns. A table maps to a single directory within HDFS. Hive also allows imposing structures on existing data locations via external tables. Metadata stored...