## Generalized linear regression

Recall that in linear regression, we assume the following functional form between the dependent variable *Y* and independent variable *X*:

Here, is a set of basis functions and is the parameter vector. Usually, it is assumed that , so represents an intercept or a bias term. Also, it is assumed that is a noise term distributed according to the normal distribution with mean zero and variance . We also showed that this results in the following equation:

One can generalize the preceding equation to incorporate not only the normal distribution for noise but any distribution in the exponential family (reference 1 in the *References* section of this chapter). This is done by defining the following equation:

Here, *g* is called a link function. The well-known models, such as logistic regression, log-linear models, Poisson regression, and so on, are special cases of GLM. For example, in the case of ordinary linear regression, the link function would be . For logistic regression...