## Matrix methods

Besides inheriting all the array methods, matrices enjoy four extra attributes: `T`

for transpose, `H`

for conjugate transpose, `I`

for inverse, and `A`

to cast as `ndarray`

:

>>> A = numpy.matrix("1+1j, 2-1j; 3-1j, 4+1j")>>> print (A.T); print (A.H)

The output is shown as follows:

[[ 1.+1.j 3.-1.j][ 2.-1.j 4.+1.j]][[ 1.-1.j 3.+1.j][ 2.+1.j 4.-1.j]]

### Operations between matrices

We have briefly covered the most basic operation between two matrices; the matrix product. For any other kind of product, we resort to the basic utilities in the NumPy libraries, as: dot product for arrays or vectors (`dot`

, `vdot`

), inner and outer products of two arrays (`inner`

, `outer`

), **tensor dot product** along specified axes (`tensordot`

), or the **Kronecker product** of two arrays (`kron`

).

Let's see an example of creating an **orthonormal** basis.

Create an orthonormal basis in the nine-dimensional real space from an orthonormal basis of the three-dimensional real space.

Let's choose, for example, the...