Book Image

Mastering Redis

By : Jeremy Nelson
Book Image

Mastering Redis

By: Jeremy Nelson

Overview of this book

Redis is the most popular, open-source, key value data structure server that provides a wide range of capabilities on which multiple platforms can be be built. Its fast and flexible data structures give your existing applications an edge in the development environment. This book is a practical guide which aims to help you deep dive into the world of Redis data structure to exploit its excellent features. We start our journey by understanding the need of Redis in brief, followed by an explanation of Advanced key management. Next, you will learn about design patterns, best practices for using Redis in DevOps environment and Docker containerization paradigm in detail. After this, you will understand the concept of scaling with Redis cluster and Redis Sentinel , followed by a through explanation of incorporating Redis with NoSQL technologies such as Elasticsearch and MongoDB. At the end of this section, you will be able to develop competent applications using these technologies. You will then explore the message queuing and task management features of Redis and will be able to implement them in your applications. Finally, you will learn how Redis can be used to build real-time data analytic dashboards, for different disparate data streams.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Mastering Redis
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Popular usage patterns

A very popular use pattern for Redis is as an in-memory cache for web applications. Redis is available as a caching option for popular web frameworks such as Django, Ruby-on-Rails, Node.js, and Flask. As a popular caching technology Redis excels in web applications for storing new data while evicting stale data. For web applications, the cached data can range from single HTML character strings, widgets, and elements to entire web pages and websites.

By utilizing Redis's ability to set an expiration time on a key, one of Redis' popular caching strategies called Less Recently Used (LRU) is robust enough to handle even the largest web properties, with the most popular content remaining in cache but stale and little-used data being evicted from the data store. This caching use case doesn't assume that the original web element or page is generated from the data in Redis; most likely, the web content was dynamically generated from other sources of data with Redis, in this use pattern, and operates as an excellent web caching layer in this setup.

The second popular use pattern for Redis is for the metric storage of such quantitative data such as web page usage and user behavior on gamer leaderboards. Using bit operations on strings, Redis very efficiently stores binary information on a particular characteristic. Usage for a website could be stored with a key constructed from a date such as page-usage:2016-11-01, which has a string attached with a bit flipped to 1 the first time a web page is accessed by a user.

The daily usage for the website for November 1 can be obtained through a simple BITCOUNT Redis command on the page-usage:2016-11-01 key. In a 2011 blog post, individuals at a start-up named Spool explain in detail how they use bitmaps and Redis bit operations to store the user activity on their website with this design pattern.

The third popular Redis use pattern is as communication layer between different systems through a publish/subscribe (pub/sub for short) model, where one can post messages to one or more channels that can be acted upon by other systems that have subscribed to or are listening to that channel for incoming messages.

Typically, publishers do not need to know the specific subscribers to send messages to them (say in a point-to-point messaging model); only the message contents and what channel to send the message should be known. Similarly, a subscriber does not need to know individual publishers, only the channel to receive messages. The pub/sub pattern is nice because it scales easily, and the publishers and subscribers can be very different programs and systems.