#### Overview of this book

This cookbook offers a range of data analysis samples in simple and straightforward R code, providing step-by-step resources and time-saving methods to help you solve data problems efficiently. The first section deals with how to create R functions to avoid the unnecessary duplication of code. You will learn how to prepare, process, and perform sophisticated ETL for heterogeneous data sources with R packages. An example of data manipulation is provided, illustrating how to use the “dplyr” and “data.table” packages to efficiently process larger data structures. We also focus on “ggplot2” and show you how to create advanced figures for data exploration. In addition, you will learn how to build an interactive report using the “ggvis” package. Later chapters offer insight into time series analysis on financial data, while there is detailed information on the hot topic of machine learning, including data classification, regression, clustering, association rule mining, and dimension reduction. By the end of this book, you will understand how to resolve issues and will be able to comfortably offer solutions to problems encountered while performing data analysis.
R for Data Science Cookbook
Credits
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Free Chapter
Functions in R
Data Preprocessing and Preparation
Visualizing Data with ggplot2
Making Interactive Reports
Simulation from Probability Distributions
Statistical Inference in R
Time Series Mining with R
Index

## Generating random samples

In this section, we will introduce how to generate random samples from a given population with the `sample` and `sample.int` functions.

In this recipe, you need to prepare your environment with R installed.

### How to do it…

Please perform the following steps to generate random samples.

1. First, generate random samples from `1` to `10`:

```> sample(10)
```
2. If you would like to reproduce the same samples, you can set the random seed beforehand:

```> set.seed(123)
> sample(10)
[1]  3  8  4  7  6  1 10  9  2  5
```
3. You can then randomly choose two samples from `1` to `10`:

```> sample(10,2)
[1] 10  5
```
4. If the population and sample size are required arguments, you can also use the `sample.int` function:

```> sample.int(10,size=2)
[1] 7 6
```
5. For example, one can simulate a lottery game and generate six random samples from a given population with a size of `42`:

```> sample.int(42,6)
[1]  5 37 10  2 13 36
```
6. Alternatively, one can generate random samples with replacements by setting the `replace...`