Book Image

OpenCV By Example

By : Prateek Joshi, David Millán Escrivá, Vinícius G. Mendonça
Book Image

OpenCV By Example

By: Prateek Joshi, David Millán Escrivá, Vinícius G. Mendonça

Overview of this book

Open CV is a cross-platform, free-for-use library that is primarily used for real-time Computer Vision and image processing. It is considered to be one of the best open source libraries that helps developers focus on constructing complete projects on image processing, motion detection, and image segmentation. Whether you are completely new to the concept of Computer Vision or have a basic understanding of it, this book will be your guide to understanding the basic OpenCV concepts and algorithms through amazing real-world examples and projects. Starting from the installation of OpenCV on your system and understanding the basics of image processing, we swiftly move on to creating optical flow video analysis or text recognition in complex scenes, and will take you through the commonly used Computer Vision techniques to build your own Open CV projects from scratch. By the end of this book, you will be familiar with the basics of Open CV such as matrix operations, filters, and histograms, as well as more advanced concepts such as segmentation, machine learning, complex video analysis, and text recognition.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
OpenCV By Example
About the Authors
About the Reviewers

Image color equalization

In this section, we will learn how to equalize a color image. Image equalization and histogram equalization try to obtain a histogram with a uniform distribution of values. The result of equalization is an increase in the contrast of an image. The equalization allows lower local contrast areas to gain higher contrast, spreading out the most frequent intensities.

This method is very useful when the image is almost dark or completely bright and there are very small differences between the background and foreground. Using histogram equalization, we increase the contrast and the details that are over- or under-exposed. This technique is very useful in medical images, such as X-rays.

However, there are two main disadvantages to this method: it increases the background noise and decreases useful signals.

We can see the effect of equalization in the following image and see how the histogram changes and spreads on increasing the image contrast:

Let's try to implement our histogram...