The book Data Lake Development with Big Data is a practical guide to help you learn the essential architectural approaches to design and build Data Lakes. It walks you through the various components of Data Lakes, such as data intake, management, consumption, and governance with a specific focus on practical implementation scenarios.
Data Lake is a highly scalable data platform for better search, analytical processing, and cheaper storage of huge volumes of any structured data acquired from disparate sources.
Traditional Data Management systems are constrained by data silos, upfront data modeling, rigid data structures, and schema-based write approaches while storing and processing data. This hampers the holistic analysis of data residing in multiple silos and excludes unstructured data sources from analysis. The data is generally modeled to answer known business questions.
With Data Lake, there are no more data silos; all the data can be utilized to get a coherent view that can power a new generation of data-aware analytics applications. With Data Lake, you don't have to know all the business questions in advance, as the data can be modeled later using the schema-less approach and it is possible to ask complex far-reaching questions on all the data at any time to find out hidden patterns and complex relationships in the data.
After reading this book, you will be able to address the shortcoming of traditional data systems through the best practices highlighted in this book for building Data Lake. You will understand the complete lifecycle of architecting/building Data Lake with Big Data technologies such as Hadoop, Storm, Spark, and Splunk. You will gain a comprehensive knowledge of various stages in Data Lake such as data intake, data management, and data consumption with focus on the practical use cases at each stage. You will benefit from the book's detailed coverage of data governance, data security, data lineage tracking, metadata management, data provisioning, and consumption.
As Data Lake is such an advanced complex topic, we are honored and excited to author the first book of its kind in the world. However, at the same time, as the topic being so vast and as there is no one-size-fits-all kind of Data Lake architecture, it is very challenging to appeal to a wide audience footprint. As it is a mini series book, which limits the page count, it is extremely difficult to cover every topic in detail without breaking the ceiling. Given these constraints, we have taken a reader-centric approach in writing this book because the broader understanding of the overall concept of Data Lake is far more important than the in-depth understanding of all the technologies and architectural possibilities that go into building Data Lake.
Using this guiding principle, we refrained from the in-depth coverage of any single topic, because we could not possibly do justice to it. At the same time we made efforts to organize chapters to mimick the sequential flow of data in a typical organization so that it is intuitive for the reader to quickly grasp the concepts of Data Lake from an organizational data flow perspective. In order to make the abstract concepts relatable to the real world, we have followed a use case-based approach where practical implementation scenarios of each key Data Lake component are explained. This we believe will help the reader quickly understand the architectural implications of various Big Data technologies that are used for building these components.
Chapter 1, The Need for Data Lake, helps you understand what Data Lake is, its architecture and key components, and the business contexts where Data Lake can be successfully deployed. You will also learn the limitations of the traditional data architectures and how Data Lake addresses some of these inadequacies and provides significant benefits.
Chapter 2, Data Intake, helps you understand the Intake Tier in detail where we will explore the process of obtaining huge volumes of data into Data Lake. You will learn the technology perspective of the various External Data Sources and Hadoop-based data transfer mechanisms to pull or push data into Data Lake.
Chapter 3, Data Integration, Quality, and Enrichment, explores the processes that are performed on vast quantities of data in the Management Tier. You will get a deeper understanding of the key technology aspects and components such as profiling, validation, integration, cleansing, standardization, and enrichment using Hadoop ecosystem components.
Chapter 4, Data Discovery and Consumption, helps you understand how data can be discovered, packaged, and provisioned, for it to be consumed by the downstream systems. You will learn the key technology aspects, architectural guidance and tools for data discovery, and data provisioning functionalities.
Chapter 5, Data Governance, explores the details, need, and utility of data governance in a Data Lake environment. You will learn how to deal with metadata management, lineage tracking, data lifecycle management to govern the usability, security, integrity, and availability of the data through the data governance processes applied on the data in Data Lake. This chapter also explores how the current Data Lake can evolve in a futuristic setting.
As this book covers only the architectural details and acts as a guide for decision-making, we have not provided any code examples. Hence, there is no explicit software prerequisite.
Data Lake Development with Big Data is intended for architects and senior managers who are responsible for building a strategy around their current data architecture, helping them identify the need for Data Lake implementation in an organizational business context.
Good knowledge on master data management, information lifecycle management, data governance, data product design, data engineering, systems architecture, and experience on Big Data technologies such as Hadoop, Spark, Splunk, and Storm is necessary.
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