Book Image

Learning PySpark

By : Tomasz Drabas, Denny Lee
Book Image

Learning PySpark

By: Tomasz Drabas, Denny Lee

Overview of this book

Apache Spark is an open source framework for efficient cluster computing with a strong interface for data parallelism and fault tolerance. This book will show you how to leverage the power of Python and put it to use in the Spark ecosystem. You will start by getting a firm understanding of the Spark 2.0 architecture and how to set up a Python environment for Spark. You will get familiar with the modules available in PySpark. You will learn how to abstract data with RDDs and DataFrames and understand the streaming capabilities of PySpark. Also, you will get a thorough overview of machine learning capabilities of PySpark using ML and MLlib, graph processing using GraphFrames, and polyglot persistence using Blaze. Finally, you will learn how to deploy your applications to the cloud using the spark-submit command. By the end of this book, you will have established a firm understanding of the Spark Python API and how it can be used to build data-intensive applications.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Learning PySpark
About the Authors
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Chapter 1. Understanding Spark

Apache Spark is a powerful open source processing engine originally developed by Matei Zaharia as a part of his PhD thesis while at UC Berkeley. The first version of Spark was released in 2012. Since then, in 2013, Zaharia co-founded and has become the CTO at Databricks; he also holds a professor position at Stanford, coming from MIT. At the same time, the Spark codebase was donated to the Apache Software Foundation and has become its flagship project.

Apache Spark is fast, easy to use framework, that allows you to solve a wide variety of complex data problems whether semi-structured, structured, streaming, and/or machine learning / data sciences. It also has become one of the largest open source communities in big data with more than 1,000 contributors from 250+ organizations and with 300,000+ Spark Meetup community members in more than 570+ locations worldwide.

In this chapter, we will provide a primer to understanding Apache Spark. We will explain the concepts behind Spark Jobs and APIs, introduce the Spark 2.0 architecture, and explore the features of Spark 2.0.

The topics covered are:

  • What is Apache Spark?

  • Spark Jobs and APIs

  • Review of Resilient Distributed Datasets (RDDs), DataFrames, and Datasets

  • Review of Catalyst Optimizer and Project Tungsten

  • Review of the Spark 2.0 architecture