Book Image

Building Blockchain Projects

By : Narayan Prusty
Book Image

Building Blockchain Projects

By: Narayan Prusty

Overview of this book

Blockchain is a decentralized ledger that maintains a continuously growing list of data records that are secured from tampering and revision. Every user is allowed to connect to the network, send new transactions to it, verify transactions, and create new blocks, making it permission-less. This book will teach you what blockchain is, how it maintains data integrity, and how to create real-world blockchain projects using Ethereum. With interesting real-world projects, you will learn how to write smart contracts which run exactly as programmed without any chance of fraud, censorship, or third-party interference, and build end-to-e applications for blockchain. You will learn about concepts such as cryptography in cryptocurrencies, ether security, mining, smart contracts, solidity, and more. You will also learn about web sockets, various API services for Ethereum, and much more. The blockchain is the main technical innovation of bitcoin, where it serves as the public ledger for bitcoin transactions.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewers
Customer Feedback

Internal currency in DApps

For a centralized application to sustain for a long time, the owner of the app needs to make a profit in order to keep it running. DApps don't have an owner, but still, like any other centralized app, the nodes of a DApp need hardware and network resources to keep it running. So the nodes of a DApp need something useful in return to keep the DApp running. That's where internal currency comes into play. Most DApps have a built-in internal currency, or we can say that most successful DApps have a built-in internal currency.

The consensus protocol is what decides how much currency a node receives. Depending on the consensus protocol, only certain kinds of nodes earn currency. We can also say that the nodes that contribute to keeping the DApp secure and running are the ones that earn currency. Nodes that only read data are not rewarded with anything. For example, in Bitcoin, only miners earn Bitcoins for successfully mining blocks.

The biggest question is since this is a digital currency, why would someone value it? Well, according to economics, anything that has demand and whose supply is insufficient will have value.

Making users pay to use the DApp using the internal currency solves the demand problem. As more and more users use the DApp, the demand also increases and, therefore, the value of the internal currency increases as well.

Setting a fixed amount of currency that can be produced makes the currency scarce, giving it a higher value.

The currency is supplied over time instead of supplying all the currency at a go. This is done so that new nodes that enter the network to keep it secure and running also earn the currency.

Disadvantages of internal currency in DApps

The only demerit of having internal currency in DApps is that the DApps are not free for use anymore. This is one of the places where centralized applications get the upper hand as centralized applications can be monetized using ads, providing premium APIs for third-party apps, and so and can be made free for users.

In DApps, we cannot integrate ads because there is no one to check the advertising standards; the clients may not display ads because there is no benefit for them in displaying ads.