Book Image

Machine Learning with R - Third Edition

By : Brett Lantz
Book Image

Machine Learning with R - Third Edition

By: Brett Lantz

Overview of this book

Machine learning, at its core, is concerned with transforming data into actionable knowledge. R offers a powerful set of machine learning methods to quickly and easily gain insight from your data. Machine Learning with R, Third Edition provides a hands-on, readable guide to applying machine learning to real-world problems. Whether you are an experienced R user or new to the language, Brett Lantz teaches you everything you need to uncover key insights, make new predictions, and visualize your findings. This new 3rd edition updates the classic R data science book to R 3.6 with newer and better libraries, advice on ethical and bias issues in machine learning, and an introduction to deep learning. Find powerful new insights in your data; discover machine learning with R.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Machine Learning with R - Third Edition
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Measuring performance for classification

In the previous chapters, we measured classifier accuracy by dividing the number of correct predictions by the total number of predictions. This finds the proportion of cases in which the learner is right or wrong. For example, suppose that a classifier correctly predicted for 99,990 out of 100,000 newborn babies whether they were a carrier of a treatable but potentially fatal genetic defect. This would imply an accuracy of 99.99 percent and an error rate of only 0.01 percent.

At first glance, this appears to be an extremely valuable classifier. However, it would be wise to collect additional information before trusting a child's life to the test. What if the genetic defect is found in only 10 out of every 100,000 babies? A test that invariably predicts no defect will be correct for 99.99 percent of all cases, but incorrect for 100 percent of the cases that matter most. In other words, even though the classifier is extremely accurate, it is not very...