Book Image

Machine Learning with R - Third Edition

By : Brett Lantz
Book Image

Machine Learning with R - Third Edition

By: Brett Lantz

Overview of this book

Machine learning, at its core, is concerned with transforming data into actionable knowledge. R offers a powerful set of machine learning methods to quickly and easily gain insight from your data. Machine Learning with R, Third Edition provides a hands-on, readable guide to applying machine learning to real-world problems. Whether you are an experienced R user or new to the language, Brett Lantz teaches you everything you need to uncover key insights, make new predictions, and visualize your findings. This new 3rd edition updates the classic R data science book to R 3.6 with newer and better libraries, advice on ethical and bias issues in machine learning, and an introduction to deep learning. Find powerful new insights in your data; discover machine learning with R.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Machine Learning with R - Third Edition
Other Books You May Enjoy
Leave a review - let other readers know what you think


In this chapter, we learned about classification using Naive Bayes. This algorithm constructs tables of probabilities that are used to estimate the likelihood that new examples belong to various classes. The probabilities are calculated using a formula known as Bayes' theorem, which specifies how dependent events are related. Although Bayes' theorem can be computationally expensive, a simplified version that makes so-called "naive" assumptions about the independence of features is capable of handling much larger datasets.

The Naive Bayes classifier is often used for text classification. To illustrate its effectiveness, we employed Naive Bayes on a classification task involving spam SMS messages. Preparing the text data for analysis required the use of specialized R packages for text processing and visualization. Ultimately, the model was able to classify over 97 percent of all the SMS messages correctly as spam or ham.

In the next chapter, we will examine two more machine learning...