Book Image

Neural Network Programming with Tensorflow

By : Manpreet Singh Ghotra, Rajdeep Dua
Book Image

Neural Network Programming with Tensorflow

By: Manpreet Singh Ghotra, Rajdeep Dua

Overview of this book

If you're aware of the buzz surrounding the terms such as "machine learning," "artificial intelligence," or "deep learning," you might know what neural networks are. Ever wondered how they help in solving complex computational problem efficiently, or how to train efficient neural networks? This book will teach you just that. You will start by getting a quick overview of the popular TensorFlow library and how it is used to train different neural networks. You will get a thorough understanding of the fundamentals and basic math for neural networks and why TensorFlow is a popular choice Then, you will proceed to implement a simple feed forward neural network. Next you will master optimization techniques and algorithms for neural networks using TensorFlow. Further, you will learn to implement some more complex types of neural networks such as convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, and Deep Belief Networks. In the course of the book, you will be working on real-world datasets to get a hands-on understanding of neural network programming. You will also get to train generative models and will learn the applications of autoencoders. By the end of this book, you will have a fair understanding of how you can leverage the power of TensorFlow to train neural networks of varying complexities, without any hassle. While you are learning about various neural network implementations you will learn the underlying mathematics and linear algebra and how they map to the appropriate TensorFlow constructs.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Title Page
About the Authors
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Auto differentiation

Auto differentiation is also known as algorithmic differentiation, which is an automatic way of numerically computing the derivatives of a function. It is helpful for computing gradients, Jacobians, and Hessians for use in applications such as numerical optimization. Backpropagation algorithm is an implementation of the reverse mode of automatic differentiation for calculating the gradient.

In the following example, using the mnist dataset, we calculate the loss using one of the loss functions. The question is: how do we fit the model to the data?

We can use tf.train.Optimizer and create an optimizer. tf.train.Optimizer.minimize(loss, var_list) adds an optimization operation to the computational graph and automatic differentiation computes gradients without user input:

import TensorFlow  as tf

# get mnist dataset
from TensorFlow .examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data
data = input_data.read_data_sets("MNIST_data/", one_hot=True)

# x represents image with 784 values...