Book Image

Learning AWK Programming

By : Shiwang Kalkhanda
5 (1)
Book Image

Learning AWK Programming

5 (1)
By: Shiwang Kalkhanda

Overview of this book

AWK is one of the most primitive and powerful utilities which exists in all Unix and Unix-like distributions. It is used as a command-line utility when performing a basic text-processing operation, and as programming language when dealing with complex text-processing and mining tasks. With this book, you will have the required expertise to practice advanced AWK programming in real-life examples. The book starts off with an introduction to AWK essentials. You will then be introduced to regular expressions, AWK variables and constants, arrays and AWK functions and more. The book then delves deeper into more complex tasks, such as printing formatted output in AWK, control flow statements, GNU's implementation of AWK covering the advanced features of GNU AWK, such as network communication, debugging, and inter-process communication in the GAWK programming language which is not easily possible with AWK. By the end of this book, the reader will have worked on the practical implementation of text processing and pattern matching using AWK to perform routine tasks.
Table of Contents (11 chapters)

Operators' Precedence

It determines how operators are grouped when different operators appear in a single expression. For example, * has higher precedence than +. So, if we have a + b * c ;it means multiply b and c and then add a to the result. Precedence of operators can be overridden by using parentheses.

This is table of AWK's operator precedence order from highest to lowest:







Field reference

++ or - -

Increment, decrement

^ or **


+, -, !

Unary plus, minus, logical not

*, /, %

Multiplication, division or remainder

+, -

Addition, subtraction


String concatenation

< <= == != > >= >>

Relational operators

~ !~

Match and no match operator


Array membership


Logical and


Logical or