Book Image

OpenCV 3.x with Python By Example - Second Edition

By : Gabriel Garrido Calvo, Prateek Joshi
Book Image

OpenCV 3.x with Python By Example - Second Edition

By: Gabriel Garrido Calvo, Prateek Joshi

Overview of this book

Computer vision is found everywhere in modern technology. OpenCV for Python enables us to run computer vision algorithms in real time. With the advent of powerful machines, we have more processing power to work with. Using this technology, we can seamlessly integrate our computer vision applications into the cloud. Focusing on OpenCV 3.x and Python 3.6, this book will walk you through all the building blocks needed to build amazing computer vision applications with ease. We start off by manipulating images using simple filtering and geometric transformations. We then discuss affine and projective transformations and see how we can use them to apply cool advanced manipulations to your photos like resizing them while keeping the content intact or smoothly removing undesired elements. We will then cover techniques of object tracking, body part recognition, and object recognition using advanced techniques of machine learning such as artificial neural network. 3D reconstruction and augmented reality techniques are also included. The book covers popular OpenCV libraries with the help of examples. This book is a practical tutorial that covers various examples at different levels, teaching you about the different functions of OpenCV and their actual implementation. By the end of this book, you will have acquired the skills to use OpenCV and Python to develop real-world computer vision applications.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
Packt Upsell

Detecting eyes

Now that we understand how to detect faces, we can generalize the concept to detect other body parts too. It's important to understand that the Viola-Jones framework can be applied to any object. The accuracy and robustness will depend on the uniqueness of the object. For example, a human face has very unique characteristics, so it's easy to train our system to be robust. On the other hand, objects like towels, clothes or books are too generic, and there are no distinguishing characteristics as such, so it's more difficult to build a robust detector.

Let's see how to build an eye detector:

import cv2 
import numpy as np 
face_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('./cascade_files/haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml') 
eye_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('./cascade_files/haarcascade_eye.xml') 
if face_cascade.empty(): 
  raise IOError('Unable to load the face cascade classifier xml file') 
if eye_cascade.empty(): 
  raise IOError('Unable to load the eye cascade classifier xml file...