Book Image

PySpark Cookbook

By : Denny Lee, Tomasz Drabas
Book Image

PySpark Cookbook

By: Denny Lee, Tomasz Drabas

Overview of this book

Apache Spark is an open source framework for efficient cluster computing with a strong interface for data parallelism and fault tolerance. The PySpark Cookbook presents effective and time-saving recipes for leveraging the power of Python and putting it to use in the Spark ecosystem. You’ll start by learning the Apache Spark architecture and how to set up a Python environment for Spark. You’ll then get familiar with the modules available in PySpark and start using them effortlessly. In addition to this, you’ll discover how to abstract data with RDDs and DataFrames, and understand the streaming capabilities of PySpark. You’ll then move on to using ML and MLlib in order to solve any problems related to the machine learning capabilities of PySpark and use GraphFrames to solve graph-processing problems. Finally, you will explore how to deploy your applications to the cloud using the spark-submit command. By the end of this book, you will be able to use the Python API for Apache Spark to solve any problems associated with building data-intensive applications.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell
Contributors
Preface
Index

Introduction


Resilient Distributed Datasets (RDDs) are collections of immutable JVM objects that are distributed across an Apache Spark cluster. Please note that if you are new to Apache Spark, you may want to initially skip this chapter as Spark DataFrames/Datasets are both significantly easier to develop and typically have faster performance. More information on Spark DataFrames can be found in the next chapter.

An RDD is the most fundamental dataset type of Apache Spark; any action on a Spark DataFrame eventually gets translated into a highly optimized execution of transformations and actions on RDDs (see the paragraph on catalyst optimizer inChapter 3, Abstracting Data with DataFrames, in the Introduction section). 

Data in an RDD is split into chunks based on a key and then dispersed across all the executor nodes. RDDs are highly resilient, that is, there are able to recover quickly from any issues as the same data chunks are replicated across multiple executor nodes. Thus, even if one...