The intelligence demonstrated by humans and animals is called natural intelligence, but the intelligence demonstrated by machines is called AI, for obvious reasons. We humans develop algorithms and technologies that provide intelligence to machines. Some of the greatest developments on this front are in the fields of machine learning, artificial neural networks, and deep learning. These fields collectively drive the development of AI. There are three main types of machine learning paradigms that have been developed to some reasonable level of maturity so far, and they are the following:
- Supervised learning
- Unsupervised learning
- Reinforcement learning
In the following diagram, you can get an intuitive picture of the field of AI. You can see that these learning paradigms are subsets of the field of machine learning...