Book Image

PostgreSQL 11 Administration Cookbook

By : Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli, Sudheer Kumar Meesala
Book Image

PostgreSQL 11 Administration Cookbook

By: Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli, Sudheer Kumar Meesala

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source database management system with an enviable reputation for high performance and stability. With many new features in its arsenal, PostgreSQL 11 allows you to scale up your PostgreSQL infrastructure. This book takes a step-by-step, recipe-based approach to effective PostgreSQL administration. The book will introduce you to new features such as logical replication, native table partitioning, additional query parallelism, and much more to help you to understand and control, crash recovery and plan backups. You will learn how to tackle a variety of problems and pain points for any database administrator such as creating tables, managing views, improving performance, and securing your database. As you make steady progress, the book will draw attention to important topics such as monitoring roles, backup, and recovery of your PostgreSQL 11 database to help you understand roles and produce a summary of log files, ensuring high availability, concurrency, and replication. By the end of this book, you will have the necessary knowledge to manage your PostgreSQL 11 database efficiently.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
About Packt

Placing query output into psql variables

It is also possible to store some values produced by a query into variables—for instance, to reuse them later in other queries.

In this recipe, we will demonstrate this approach with a concrete example.

Getting ready

In the Controlling automatic database maintenance recipe of Chapter 9, Regular Maintenance, we will describe VACUUM, showing that it runs regularly on each table based on the number of rows that might need vacuuming (dead rows). The VACUUM command will run if that number exceeds a given threshold, which by default is just above 20% of the row count.

In this recipe, we will create a script that picks the table with the largest number of dead rows and runs VACUUM on it.

How to do it…

The script is as follows:

SELECT schemaname
, relname
, n_dead_tup
, n_live_tup
FROM pg_stat_user_tables
ORDER BY n_dead_tup DESC
\qecho Running VACUUM on table :"relname" in schema :"schemaname"
\qecho Rows before: :n_dead_tup dead, :n_live_tup live...