Book Image

PostgreSQL 11 Administration Cookbook

By : Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli, Sudheer Kumar Meesala
Book Image

PostgreSQL 11 Administration Cookbook

By: Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli, Sudheer Kumar Meesala

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source database management system with an enviable reputation for high performance and stability. With many new features in its arsenal, PostgreSQL 11 allows you to scale up your PostgreSQL infrastructure. This book takes a step-by-step, recipe-based approach to effective PostgreSQL administration. The book will introduce you to new features such as logical replication, native table partitioning, additional query parallelism, and much more to help you to understand and control, crash recovery and plan backups. You will learn how to tackle a variety of problems and pain points for any database administrator such as creating tables, managing views, improving performance, and securing your database. As you make steady progress, the book will draw attention to important topics such as monitoring roles, backup, and recovery of your PostgreSQL 11 database to help you understand roles and produce a summary of log files, ensuring high availability, concurrency, and replication. By the end of this book, you will have the necessary knowledge to manage your PostgreSQL 11 database efficiently.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
About Packt

Writing a conditional psql script

psql supports the conditional meta-commands \if, \elif, \else, and \endif. In this recipe, we will demonstrate some of them.

Getting ready

We want to improve the vartest.sql, script so that it runs VACUUM only if there actually are dead rows in that table.

How to do it…

We add conditional commands to vartest.sql resulting in the following script:

SELECT schemaname
, relname
, n_dead_tup
, n_live_tup
, n_dead_tup > 0 AS needs_vacuum
FROM pg_stat_user_tables
ORDER BY n_dead_tup DESC
\if :needs_vacuum
\qecho Running VACUUM on table :"relname" in schema :"schemaname"
\qecho Rows before: :n_dead_tup dead, :n_live_tup live
VACUUM ANALYZE :schemaname.:relname;
\qecho Waiting 1 second...
SELECT pg_sleep(1);
SELECT n_dead_tup AS n_dead_tup_now
,      n_live_tup AS n_live_tup_now
FROM pg_stat_user_tables
WHERE schemaname = :'schemaname' AND relname = :'relname'
\qecho Rows after: :n_dead_tup_now dead, :n_live_tup_now live
\qecho Skipping VACUUM...