Book Image

Blockchain Developer's Guide

By : Brenn Hill, Samanyu Chopra, Paul Valencourt, Narayan Prusty
Book Image

Blockchain Developer's Guide

By: Brenn Hill, Samanyu Chopra, Paul Valencourt, Narayan Prusty

Overview of this book

Blockchain applications provide a single-shared ledger to eliminate trust issues involving multiple stakeholders. It is the main technical innovation of Bitcoin, where it serves as the public ledger for Bitcoin transactions. Blockchain Developer's Guide takes you through the electrifying world of blockchain technology. It begins with the basic design of a blockchain and elaborates concepts, such as Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), tokens, smart contracts, and other related terminologies. You will then explore the components of Ethereum, such as Ether tokens, transactions, and smart contracts that you need to build simple DApps. Blockchain Developer's Guide also explains why you must specifically use Solidity for Ethereum-based projects and lets you explore different blockchains with easy-to-follow examples. You will learn a wide range of concepts - beginning with cryptography in cryptocurrencies and including ether security, mining, and smart contracts. You will learn how to use web sockets and various API services for Ethereum. By the end of this Learning Path, you will be able to build efficient decentralized applications. This Learning Path includes content from the following Packt products: • Blockchain Quick Reference by Brenn Hill, Samanyu Chopra, Paul Valencourt • Building Blockchain Projects by Narayan Prusty
Table of Contents (37 chapters)
Title Page
About Packt

Proof of Authority

Proof-of-authority (PoA) networks are used only when all blockchain participants are known. In proof-of-authority, each participant is known and registered with the blockchain. Such a blockchain is called a permissioned chain, as only computers that are part of this approved list of authorities are able to forge blocks. It is critical, therefore, that none of the authority computers is compromised, and each operator must take pains to ensure the integrity of their validator. This approach was originally shared by Gavin Wood of Parity Technologies as a different way of running an Ethereum-based blockchain.

Establishing authority

The three main conditions that must be fulfilled for a validator to be established are as follows:

  • Identity needs to be formally verified and on chain.
  • Eligibility should be difficult to obtain. Examples are things such as becoming a notary public, submitting to background checks, and posting a bond.
  • The set of things that must be required of each authority...