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#### Overview of this book

Data analysis enables you to generate value from small and big data by discovering new patterns and trends, and Python is one of the most popular tools for analyzing a wide variety of data. With this book, you’ll get up and running using Python for data analysis by exploring the different phases and methodologies used in data analysis and learning how to use modern libraries from the Python ecosystem to create efficient data pipelines. Starting with the essential statistical and data analysis fundamentals using Python, you’ll perform complex data analysis and modeling, data manipulation, data cleaning, and data visualization using easy-to-follow examples. You’ll then understand how to conduct time series analysis and signal processing using ARMA models. As you advance, you’ll get to grips with smart processing and data analytics using machine learning algorithms such as regression, classification, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and clustering. In the concluding chapters, you’ll work on real-world examples to analyze textual and image data using natural language processing (NLP) and image analytics techniques, respectively. Finally, the book will demonstrate parallel computing using Dask. By the end of this data analysis book, you’ll be equipped with the skills you need to prepare data for analysis and create meaningful data visualizations for forecasting values from data.
Preface
Section 1: Foundation for Data Analysis
Free Chapter
Getting Started with Python Libraries
Section 2: Exploratory Data Analysis and Data Cleaning
Data Visualization
Cleaning Messy Data
Signal Processing and Time Series
Section 3: Deep Dive into Machine Learning
Supervised Learning - Regression Analysis
Supervised Learning - Classification Techniques
Unsupervised Learning - PCA and Clustering
Section 4: NLP, Image Analytics, and Parallel Computing
Analyzing Textual Data
Analyzing Image Data
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# Flipping images

Flipping an image is equivalent to a mirror effect. Let's learn how to flip an image across the x axis (vertical flipping), y axis (horizontal flipping), or both axes. OpenCV offers the flip() function to flip an image. The flip() function will take two arguments: image and flipcode. The image is a NumPy array of pixel values and the flipcode used defines the type of flip, such as horizontal, vertical, or both. The following flipcode values are for different types of flips:

• Flipcode > 0 is for a horizontal flip.
• Flipcode = 0 is for a vertical flip.
• Flipcode < 0 is for both a horizontal and vertical flip.

Let's see an example of flipping an image:

`# Import OpenCV moduleimport cv2# Import NumPyimport numpy as np# Import matplotlib for showing the imageimport matplotlib.pyplot as plt# magic function to render the figure in a notebook%matplotlib inline# Read imageimage = cv2.imread('messi.png')# Convert image color space BGR to RGBrgb_image=cv2...`