Book Image

Interpretable Machine Learning with Python

By : Serg Masís
Book Image

Interpretable Machine Learning with Python

By: Serg Masís

Overview of this book

Do you want to gain a deeper understanding of your models and better mitigate poor prediction risks associated with machine learning interpretation? If so, then Interpretable Machine Learning with Python deserves a place on your bookshelf. We’ll be starting off with the fundamentals of interpretability, its relevance in business, and exploring its key aspects and challenges. As you progress through the chapters, you'll then focus on how white-box models work, compare them to black-box and glass-box models, and examine their trade-off. You’ll also get you up to speed with a vast array of interpretation methods, also known as Explainable AI (XAI) methods, and how to apply them to different use cases, be it for classification or regression, for tabular, time-series, image or text. In addition to the step-by-step code, this book will also help you interpret model outcomes using examples. You’ll get hands-on with tuning models and training data for interpretability by reducing complexity, mitigating bias, placing guardrails, and enhancing reliability. The methods you’ll explore here range from state-of-the-art feature selection and dataset debiasing methods to monotonic constraints and adversarial retraining. By the end of this book, you'll be able to understand ML models better and enhance them through interpretability tuning.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Section 1: Introduction to Machine Learning Interpretation
Section 2: Mastering Interpretation Methods
Section 3:Tuning for Interpretability

Reviewing filter-based feature selection methods

Filter-based methods independently pick out features from a dataset without employing any ML. These methods depend only on the variables' characteristics and are relatively effective, computationally inexpensive, and quick to perform. Therefore, being the low-hanging fruit of feature selection methods, they are usually the first step in any feature selection pipeline.

Two kinds of filter-based methods exist:

  • Univariate: Individually and independently of the feature space, they evaluate and rate a single feature at a time. One problem that can occur with univariate methods is that they may filter out too much since they don't take into consideration the relationship between features.
  • Multivariate: These take into account the entire feature space and how features within interact with each other.

Overall, for the removal of obsolete, redundant, constant, duplicated, and uncorrelated features, filter methods...