Book Image

Python Machine Learning By Example - Third Edition

By : Yuxi (Hayden) Liu
Book Image

Python Machine Learning By Example - Third Edition

By: Yuxi (Hayden) Liu

Overview of this book

Python Machine Learning By Example, Third Edition serves as a comprehensive gateway into the world of machine learning (ML). With six new chapters, on topics including movie recommendation engine development with Naïve Bayes, recognizing faces with support vector machine, predicting stock prices with artificial neural networks, categorizing images of clothing with convolutional neural networks, predicting with sequences using recurring neural networks, and leveraging reinforcement learning for making decisions, the book has been considerably updated for the latest enterprise requirements. At the same time, this book provides actionable insights on the key fundamentals of ML with Python programming. Hayden applies his expertise to demonstrate implementations of algorithms in Python, both from scratch and with libraries. Each chapter walks through an industry-adopted application. With the help of realistic examples, you will gain an understanding of the mechanics of ML techniques in areas such as exploratory data analysis, feature engineering, classification, regression, clustering, and NLP. By the end of this ML Python book, you will have gained a broad picture of the ML ecosystem and will be well-versed in the best practices of applying ML techniques to solve problems.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
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Implementing Naïve Bayes

After calculating by hand the movie preference prediction example, as promised, we are going to code Naïve Bayes from scratch. After that, we will implement it using the scikit-learn package.

Implementing Naïve Bayes from scratch

Before we develop the model, let's define the toy dataset we just worked with:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> X_train = np.array([
...     [0, 1, 1],
...     [0, 0, 1],
...     [0, 0, 0],
...     [1, 1, 0]])
>>> Y_train = ['Y', 'N', 'Y', 'Y']
>>> X_test = np.array([[1, 1, 0]])

For the model, starting with the prior, we first group the data by label and record their indices by classes:

>>> def get_label_indices(labels):
...     """
...     Group samples based on their labels and return indices
...     @param labels: list of labels
...     @return: dict, {class1: [indices], class2: [indices]}...