Book Image

Python Machine Learning by Example, - Third Edition

By : Yuxi (Hayden) Liu
Book Image

Python Machine Learning by Example, - Third Edition

By: Yuxi (Hayden) Liu

Overview of this book

Python Machine Learning By Example, Third Edition serves as a comprehensive gateway into the world of machine learning (ML). With six new chapters, on topics including movie recommendation engine development with Naïve Bayes, recognizing faces with support vector machine, predicting stock prices with artificial neural networks, categorizing images of clothing with convolutional neural networks, predicting with sequences using recurring neural networks, and leveraging reinforcement learning for making decisions, the book has been considerably updated for the latest enterprise requirements. At the same time, this book provides actionable insights on the key fundamentals of ML with Python programming. Hayden applies his expertise to demonstrate implementations of algorithms in Python, both from scratch and with libraries. Each chapter walks through an industry-adopted application. With the help of realistic examples, you will gain an understanding of the mechanics of ML techniques in areas such as exploratory data analysis, feature engineering, classification, regression, clustering, and NLP. By the end of this ML Python book, you will have gained a broad picture of the ML ecosystem and will be well-versed in the best practices of applying ML techniques to solve problems.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
15
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16
Index

Classifying data with logistic regression

In the last chapter, we trained the tree-based models only based on the first 300,000 samples out of 40 million. We did so simply because training a tree on a large dataset is extremely computationally expensive and time-consuming. Since we are now not limited to algorithms directly taking in categorical features thanks to one-hot encoding, we should turn to a new algorithm with high scalability for large datasets. As mentioned, logistic regression is one of the most, or perhaps the most, scalable classification algorithms.

Getting started with the logistic function

Let's start with an introduction to the logistic function (which is more commonly referred to as the sigmoid function) as the algorithm's core before we dive into the algorithm itself. It basically maps an input to an output of a value between 0 and 1, and is defined as follows:

We can visualize what it looks like by...