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#### Overview of this book

Are you looking to start developing artificial intelligence applications? Do you need a refresher on key mathematical concepts? Full of engaging practical exercises, The Statistics and Calculus with Python Workshop will show you how to apply your understanding of advanced mathematics in the context of Python. The book begins by giving you a high-level overview of the libraries you'll use while performing statistics with Python. As you progress, you'll perform various mathematical tasks using the Python programming language, such as solving algebraic functions with Python starting with basic functions, and then working through transformations and solving equations. Later chapters in the book will cover statistics and calculus concepts and how to use them to solve problems and gain useful insights. Finally, you'll study differential equations with an emphasis on numerical methods and learn about algorithms that directly calculate values of functions. By the end of this book, you’ll have learned how to apply essential statistics and calculus concepts to develop robust Python applications that solve business challenges.
Preface
1. Fundamentals of Python
Free Chapter
2. Python's Main Tools for Statistics
3. Python's Statistical Toolbox
4. Functions and Algebra with Python
5. More Mathematics with Python
6. Matrices and Markov Chains with Python
7. Doing Basic Statistics with Python
8. Foundational Probability Concepts and Their Applications
9. Intermediate Statistics with Python
10. Foundational Calculus with Python
11. More Calculus with Python
12. Intermediate Calculus with Python

# Control Flow Methods

Control flow is a general term that denotes any programming syntax that can redirect the execution of a program. Control flow methods in general are what allow programs to be dynamic in their execution and computation: depending on the current state of a program or its input, the execution of that program and thus its output will dynamically change.

## if Statements

The most common form of control flow in any programming language is conditionals, or if statements. if statements are used to check for a specific condition about the current state of the program and, depending on the result (whether the condition is true or false), the program will execute different sets of instructions.

In Python, the syntax of an if statement is as follows:

if [condition to check]:
[instruction set to execute if condition is true]

Given the readability of Python, you can probably already guess how conditionals work: when the execution of a given...