In this chapter, we have discussed many ways to prepare data for machine learning and other forms of AI. Raw data from source systems had to be transported across the data layers of a modern data lake, including a historical data archive, a set of (virtualized) analytics datasets, and a machine learning environment. There are several tools for creating such a data pipeline: simple scripts and traditional software, ETL tools, big data processing frameworks, and streaming data engines.
We have also introduced the concept of feature engineering. This is an important piece of work in any AI system, where data is prepared to be consumed by a machine learning model. Independent of the programming language and frameworks that are chosen for this, an AI team has to spend significant time writing the features and ensuring that the resulting code and binaries are well managed and deployed, together with the models themselves.
We have performed exercises and activities where we...