Book Image

Hands-On Data Analysis with Pandas - Second Edition

By : Stefanie Molin
5 (1)
Book Image

Hands-On Data Analysis with Pandas - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Stefanie Molin

Overview of this book

Extracting valuable business insights is no longer a ‘nice-to-have’, but an essential skill for anyone who handles data in their enterprise. Hands-On Data Analysis with Pandas is here to help beginners and those who are migrating their skills into data science get up to speed in no time. This book will show you how to analyze your data, get started with machine learning, and work effectively with the Python libraries often used for data science, such as pandas, NumPy, matplotlib, seaborn, and scikit-learn. Using real-world datasets, you will learn how to use the pandas library to perform data wrangling to reshape, clean, and aggregate your data. Then, you will learn how to conduct exploratory data analysis by calculating summary statistics and visualizing the data to find patterns. In the concluding chapters, you will explore some applications of anomaly detection, regression, clustering, and classification using scikit-learn to make predictions based on past data. This updated edition will equip you with the skills you need to use pandas 1.x to efficiently perform various data manipulation tasks, reliably reproduce analyses, and visualize your data for effective decision making – valuable knowledge that can be applied across multiple domains.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Section 1: Getting Started with Pandas
Section 2: Using Pandas for Data Analysis
Section 3: Applications – Real-World Analyses Using Pandas
Section 4: Introduction to Machine Learning with Scikit-Learn
Section 5: Additional Resources

Inspecting classification prediction confidence

As we saw with ensemble methods, when we know the strengths and weaknesses of our model, we can employ strategies to attempt to improve performance. We may have two models to classify something, but they most likely won't agree on everything. However, say that we know that one does better on edge cases, while the other is better on the more common ones. In that case, we would likely want to investigate a voting classifier to improve our performance. How can we know how the models perform in different situations, though?

By looking at the probabilities the model predicts of an observation belonging to a given class, we can gain insight into how confident our model is when it is correct and when it errs. We can use our pandas data wrangling skills to make quick work of this. Let's see how confident our original white_or_red model from Chapter 9, Getting Started with Machine Learning in Python, was in its predictions: